Back-to-school preparation includes immunization for college students.

School of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA.
Journal of the American Pharmacists Association (Impact Factor: 1.24). 01/2010; 50(3):433-5. DOI: 10.1331/JAPhA.2010.10519
Source: PubMed
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Available from: Corey J Leinum, Feb 24, 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Upper respiratory illnesses, including colds and influenza-like illnesses, are common among college and university students. We have established an ongoing, serial cohort study to assess the occurrences of these illnesses among college and university students as well as the impact of these illnesses on overall health, school and work performance, and health care use. In this paper we report on the first 2 years of this study (2002-2003 and 2003-2004). For each year, more than 4000 students responded to the e-mail invitations to participate, and they provided more than 3000 person-seasons of follow-up information during the monthly surveys conducted November-April. In both years, colds and influenza-like illnesses were common and associated with significant numbers of bed days, reduced activity days, school and work loss, impaired school performance, and increased health care utilization. Efforts to prevent upper respiratory illnesses among college and university students could improve their health and reduce health care utilization during the winter months.
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    ABSTRACT: The number of meningococcal outbreaks on college campuses have been increasing in the past few years. However, no published studies have documented the incidence of invasive meningococcal infection in college students or whether the incidence is higher than in the general population of the same age. To compare the incidence of invasive meningococcal infection in Maryland college students with that of the general population of the same age. Retrospective cohort study. Maryland residents with meningococcal infection from 1992-1997 identified from active, laboratory-based, statewide surveillance for invasive meningococcal disease. Incidence of invasive meningococcal infection. Of 228 patients with invasive meningococcal infection, 67 were aged 16 to 30 years; 11 and 3 of these attended Maryland 4- and 2-year colleges, respectively. Of these, 12 (86%) had infection caused by Neisseria meningitidis serogroups included in the current meningococcal vaccine. The average annual incidence was 1.74 per 100000 among students in 4-year schools vs 1.44 per 100000 for the general population of the same age (P=.60). Among students in 4-year schools, the incidence was 3.24 per 100000 in on-campus residents vs 0.96 per 100000 in off-campus residents (relative risk, 3.4; 95% confidence interval, 1.0-11.6; P=.05). The incidence of meningococcal infection in college students is similar to the incidence in the general population of the same age, but college students residing on campus appear to be at higher risk than those residing off campus.
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