[Orbital subperiosteal hematoma in child with sickle cell thalassemia. A case report].
ABSTRACT Sickle cell anemia is the most common hemoglobinopathy worldwide; its musculoskeletal complications consist more often of medullary infarctions involving long bones. Orbital infarction is uncommon. We report on a case of orbital subperiosteal hematoma in a 9-year-old male with a medical history of sickle cell thalassemia.
Article: Nontraumatic orbital hemorrhage[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Nontraumatic orbital hemorrhage (NTOH) is uncommon. I summarize the published reports of NTOH and offer a classification based on anatomic and etiologic factors. Anatomic patterns of NTOH include diffuse intraorbital hemorrhage, "encysted" hemorrhage (hematic cyst), subperiosteal hemorrhage, hemorrhage in relation to extraocular muscles, and hemorrhage in relation to orbital floor implants. Etiologic factors include vascular malformations and lesions, increased venous pressure, bleeding disorders, infection and inflammation, and neoplastic and nonneoplastic orbital lesions. The majority of NTOH patients can be managed conservatively, but some will have visual compromise and may require operative intervention. Some will suffer permanent visual loss, but a large majority have a good visual outcome.Survey of Ophthalmology 12/2013; 59(2). DOI:10.1016/j.survophthal.2013.07.002 · 3.51 Impact Factor
Child s Nervous System 03/2011; 27(7):1165-8. DOI:10.1007/s00381-011-1420-2 · 1.24 Impact Factor