Education, alcohol use and abuse among young adults in Britain
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, The London School of Economics, London WC2A 2AE, United Kingdom. Social Science [?] Medicine
(Impact Factor: 2.89).
07/2010; 71(1):143-51. DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.03.022
In this article we explore the relationship between education and alcohol consumption. We examine whether the probability of abusing alcohol differs across educational groups. We use data from the British Cohort Study, a longitudinal study of one week's birth in Britain in 1970. We analysed data collected at age 34 (in 2004) and complement it with information gathered at previous sweeps. Measures of alcohol abuse include alcohol consumption above NHS guidelines, daily alcohol consumption and problem drinking. We found that higher educational attainment is associated with increased odds of daily alcohol consumption and problem drinking. The relationship is stronger for females than males. Individuals who achieved high educational test scores in childhood are at a significantly higher risk of abusing alcohol across all dimensions. Our results also suggest that educational qualifications and academic performance are associated with the probability of belonging to different typologies of alcohol consumers among women while this association is not present in the case of educational qualifications and is very weak in the case of academic performance among males.
Available from: Lindsay Farrer
- "2011 ; Grittner et al . 2012 ) and a study of young adults in Britain found a positive relationship between education level and alcohol consumption ( Huerta & Borgonovi 2010 ) . However , despite higher socio - economic classes consuming more alcohol , individuals living in areas of social deprivation carry the burden of problem drinking and alcohol - related disease ( Bromley Table 3 Association of the interaction term SIMD * polygenic risk score with cognitive variables previously shown to be associated with polygenic risk for alcohol dependence . "
Addiction Biology 04/2015; · 5.36 Impact Factor
Available from: Pallavi Wyawahare
- "The majority of studies demonstrating the adverse effects of alcohol on bone health have been conducted in males . Although in women postmenopausal oestrogen deficiency is widely regarded as the most eminent factor leading to OP, female alcoholism is rising worldwide, particularly in young women  . Thus far, epidemiological data relating to bone health in female alcoholics has been lacking . "
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ABSTRACT: We report a pilot study of bone health of alcohol dependent women. Women admitted to an alcohol-withdrawal unit (cases) and a convenience sample of controls (nursing staff) were recruited and asked to complete a lifestyle questionnaire before undergoing heel ultrasound measurements. Fasting blood samples were obtained on the day of admission (day 1) and at 5 days. Bone turnover markers (P1NP and CTX) and vitamin D levels were measured in a subset of the alcohol dependent population. Cases were less physically active than controls. Alcoholic women had lower heel ultrasound derived Stiffness Index scores [mean 85.2 (17.6)] compared with controls [mean 95.5 (18.7)] (p=0.07). P1NP rose significantly over the detoxification programme [day 1: 28.35 ng/l (12.25); day 5: 34.19 ng/l (13.16), p=0.003] but CTX change was not significant. Lifestyle factors associated with poor bone health are prevalent in female alcoholics. Significant increase in bone formation was observed 5 days after alcohol withdrawal.
The Open Bone Journal 02/2015; 7(1):14-18. DOI:10.2174/1876525401507010014
Available from: PubMed Central
- "This finding is very important because, without considering the gender-specific constant term, gender differences in HRD are only explained by the differences in socio-economic characteristics and their associated likelihood of HRD. Differences in gender-specific constant terms between men and women may be related to gender-specific characteristics such as physiology or biological predispositions, gender role orientations, social norms, knowledge of the risks of abusing alcohol [9,10,14,15,18,31,57]. "
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ABSTRACT: It is important to identify and quantify the factors that affect gender differences in high-risk drinking (HRD), from both an academic and a policy perspective. However, little is currently known about them. This study examines these factors and estimates the percentage contribution each makes to gender differences in HRD.
This study analyzed information on 23,587 adults obtained from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Surveys of 1998, 2001, and 2005. It found that the prevalence of HRD was about 5 times higher among men (0.37) than women (0.08). Using a decomposition approach extended from the Oaxaca-Blinder method, we decomposed the gender difference in HRD to an "overall composition effect" (contributions due to gender differences in the distribution of observed socio-economic characteristics), and an "overall HRD-tendency effect" (contributions due to gender differences in tendencies in HRD for individuals who share socio-economic characteristics).
The HRD-tendency effect accounted for 96% of the gender difference in HRD in South Korea, whereas gender differences in observed socio-economic characteristics explained just 4% of the difference. Notably, the gender-specific HRD-tendency effect accounts for 90% of the gender difference in HRD.
We came to a finding that gender-specific HRD tendency is the greatest contributor to gender differences in HRD. Therefore, to effective reduce HRD, it will be necessary to understand gender differences in socioeconomic characteristics between men and women but also take notice of such differences in sociocultural settings as they experience. And it will be also required to prepare any gender-differentiated intervention strategy for men and women.
BMC Public Health 02/2012; 12(1):101. DOI:10.1186/1471-2458-12-101 · 2.26 Impact Factor
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