To quantitatively determine whether the pulp response to resin-modified glass ionomer cements placed in deep cavities differs from that generated by calcium hydroxide cement.
Five databases were searched for articles up to 31 May 2009.
Inclusion criteria: titles/abstracts relevant to topic; published in English; two-arm longitudinal in vivo trial; containing computable dichotomous datasets for test and control group. Exclusion criteria: not all entered subjects accounted for at the end of the trial; subjects of both groups not followed up in the same way; trial on animal tissue.
One randomized and five non-randomized control trials, reporting on 1 and 17 datasets, respectively, were accepted. From non-randomized trials, the Relative Risk with 95% Confidence Interval of 13 datasets showed no statistically significant differences (p>0.05) and 4 showed a statistically significant difference between both materials. Meta-analysis of datasets from these trials found no difference between the inflammatory cell response after 30 days (0.87; 95%CI 0.59-1.26; p=0.46); 38% less inflammatory cell response with calcium hydroxide after 60 days (0.62; 95%CI 0.50-0.76; p<0.00001); higher number of intact odontoblasts beneath restored cavities after 381 days (0.56; 95%CI 0.38-0.82; p=0.0008). The results from the randomized control trial (1.40; 95%CI 0.92-2.14; p=0.11) indicated no difference in clinically identifiable pulp symptoms after two years. All trials showed limited internal validity due to selection bias.
No conclusive statement about the superiority of either type of material can yet be made. Further high-quality randomized control trials are needed.
"In a systemic review, Mickenautsch et al., evaluated the pulp response to CH and RM-GIC in deep cavities, and found no significant differences between the two materials . Also Hayashi et al. mentioned that other materials such as antimicrobials and polycarboxylate cement combined with tannin-fluoride preparation are suitable as liner, since all these materials can reduce cariogenic bacteria and promote remineralization, as effectively as CH . "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Vitality of dental pulp is essential for long-term tooth survival. The aim of vital pulp therapy is to maintain healthy pulp tissue by eliminating bacteria from the dentin-pulp complex. There are several different treatment options for vital pulp therapy in extensively decayed or traumatized teeth. Pulp capping or pulpotomy procedures rely upon an accurate assessment of the pulp status, and careful management of the remaining pulp tissue. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of new approaches in vital pulp therapy in permanent teeth.
"These studies reported significantly higher success rates of one-step incomplete compared with stepwise excavation (99% and 91% compared with 88% and 61% after 18 and 36 mos, respectively). It remains unclear if longer intervals between first and second visits could reduce the risks of pulpal exposure and complications , or if certain liners or restorative materials are advantageous to maintain pulp vitality (Miyashita et al., 2007; Yengopal et al., 2009; Mickenautsch et al., 2010). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Increasing numbers of clinical trials have demonstrated the benefits of incomplete caries removal, in particular in the treatment of deep caries. This study systematically reviewed randomized controlled trials investigating one- or two-step incomplete compared with complete caries removal. Studies treating primary and permanent teeth with primary caries lesions requiring a restoration were analyzed. The following primary and secondary outcomes were investigated: risk of pulpal exposure, post-operative pulpal symptoms, overall failure, and caries progression. Electronic databases were screened for studies from 1967 to 2012. Cross-referencing was used to identify further articles. Odds ratios (OR) as effect estimates were calculated in a random-effects model. From 364 screened articles, 10 studies representing 1,257 patients were included. Meta-analysis showed risk reduction for both pulpal exposure (OR [95% CI] 0.31 [0.19-0.49]) and pulpal symptoms (OR 0.58 [0.31-1.10]) for teeth treated with one- or two-step incomplete excavation. Risk of failure seemed to be similar for both complete and incomplete excavation, but data for this outcome were of limited quality and inconclusive (OR 0.97 [0.64-1.46]). Based on reviewed studies, incomplete caries removal seems advantageous compared with complete excavation, especially in proximity to the pulp. However, evidence levels are currently insufficient for definitive conclusions because of high risk of bias within studies.
Journal of dental research 02/2013; 92(4). DOI:10.1177/0022034513477425 · 4.14 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aims of this study were to demonstrate the synthesis of an experimental glass ionomer cement (GIC) by the non-hydrolytic sol-gel method and to evaluate its biocompatibility in comparison to a conventional glass ionomer cement (Vidrion R). Four polyethylene tubes containing the tested cements were implanted in the dorsal region of 15 rats, as follows: GI - experimental GIC and GII - conventional GIC. The external tube walls was considered the control group (CG). The rats were sacrificed 7, 21 and 42 days after implant placement for histopathological analysis. A four-point (I-IV) scoring system was used to graduate the inflammatory reaction. Regarding the experimental GIC sintherization, thermogravimetric and x-ray diffraction analysis demonstrated vitreous material formation at 110oC by the sol-gel method. For biocompatibility test, results showed a moderate chronic inflammatory reaction for GI (III), severe for GII (IV) and mild for CG (II) at 7 days. After 21 days, GI presented a mild reaction (II); GII, moderate (III) and CG, mild (II). At 42 days, GI showed a mild/absent inflammatory reaction (II to I), similar to GII (II to I). CG presented absence of chronic inflammatory reaction (I). It was concluded that the experimental GIC presented mild/absent tissue reaction after 42 days, being biocompatible when tested in the connective tissue of rats.
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