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    ABSTRACT: In a European BIOMED-2 collaborative study, multiplex PCR assays have successfully been developed and standardized for the detection of clonally rearranged immunoglobulin (Ig) and T-cell receptor (TCR) genes and the chromosome aberrations t(11;14) and t(14;18). This has resulted in 107 different primers in only 18 multiplex PCR tubes: three VH-JH, two DH-JH, two Ig kappa (IGK), one Ig lambda (IGL), three TCR beta (TCRB), two TCR gamma (TCRG), one TCR delta (TCRD), three BCL1-Ig heavy chain (IGH), and one BCL2-IGH. The PCR products of Ig/TCR genes can be analyzed for clonality assessment by heteroduplex analysis or GeneScanning. The detection rate of clonal rearrangements using the BIOMED-2 primer sets is unprecedentedly high. This is mainly based on the complementarity of the various BIOMED-2 tubes. In particular, combined application of IGH (VH-JH and DH-JH) and IGK tubes can detect virtually all clonal B-cell proliferations, even in B-cell malignancies with high levels of somatic mutations. The contribution of IGL gene rearrangements seems limited. Combined usage of the TCRB and TCRG tubes detects virtually all clonal T-cell populations, whereas the TCRD tube has added value in case of TCRgammadelta(+) T-cell proliferations. The BIOMED-2 multiplex tubes can now be used for diagnostic clonality studies as well as for the identification of PCR targets suitable for the detection of minimal residual disease.
    Leukemia 01/2004; 17(12):2257-317. · 10.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine a possible role of aberrant somatic hypermutation (ASHM) in the pathogenesis of thyroid lymphoma (TL), mutational status of genes affected by ASHM, including c-MYC, PIM-1, PAX-5 and RhoH/TTF, was analyzed. Tumor specimens from 33 patients with thyroid B-cell lymphoma and 14 with chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis (CLTH), an autoimmune thyroiditis known to provide a basis for TL development, was examined. Mutations of at least one of these genes was detected in 16 of 33 (48.5%) patients with TL and in 2 of 14 (14.3%) CLTH. Occurrence of ASHM in PIM-1, RhoH/TTF, and c-MYC was a constant finding in follicular lymphoma (FL) (all of 11 cases) but not so frequent in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) (4 (33.3%) of 12 cases) and Marginal zone B-cell lymphoma (MZBCL) (1 (10.0%) of 10 cases). ASHM activity is ongoing in most of FL and DLBCL because intraclonal variants were found. FL was also unique in its lower expression level of activation-induced cytidine deaminase, a main player in DNA-modifying processes during SHM, compare to DLBCL and MZBCL.
    Leukemia research 12/2008; 33(5):649-54. · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We retrospectively analyzed 26 patients with thyroid lymphoma (TL). Patients were mostly females, with a median age of 59 yr, presenting a rapidly growing nodular goiter with or without cervical adenopathy, without symptoms related to lymphoma for 81% and hypothyroidism in 61%. A previous history of Hashimoto thyroiditis was observed in 11 patients. Six different subtypes of lymphoma were observed: 13 of 26 (50%) had diffuse large B cell lymphoma, 6 (23%) mucosa- associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma, 3 (12%) had follicular lymphoma, 2 (7%) had Hodgkin's disease, 1 (4%) had small lymphocytic lymphoma, and 1 (4%) had Burkitt's lymphoma. Diffuse large B cell lymphoma patients presented a compressive multinodular goiter, cervical adenopathy (66%), disseminated disease (50%), and poor performance status, with a poor prognosis (5-yr survival at 44%) despite a treatment based on a multidrug regimen. MALT lymphoma arose in patients with previous history of Hashimoto disease, was localized in all but 1, and was biologically associated with hypothyroidism and a high level of serum antithyroid antibodies. With total thyroidectomy, prognosis was good (5-yr survival at 100%). We did not find any routine clinical or biological parameters that could predict the evolution from Hashimoto's thyroiditis to MALT lymphoma. In conclusion, we confirmed the histological heterogeneity of TL corresponding to different clinical presentations and different prognoses.
    Journal of Clinical Endocrinology &amp Metabolism 02/2002; 87(1):105-11. · 6.43 Impact Factor

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