[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To retrospectively evaluate the clinical outcomes of 20 patients diagnosed with a nonpalpable or small testicular mass (2 cm) at 2 academic urological department. Testis-sparing surgery (TSS) is currently performed routinely for the management of nonpalpable testicular masses. High reliability of frozen section examination (FSE) and high-frequency ultrasound (US) and the adoption of microsurgical techniques improved safety and feasibility of this technique.
From January 2004 to March 2011, 23 patients underwent microsurgical TSS. An inguinal approach was performed in 22 cases and a suprapubic incision in one bilateral case. All procedures were performed with an operating microscope, with warm ischemia in 21 cases and cold ischemia in 2 cases. Intraoperative US was performed before opening the albuginea. Mean operative time was 89 minutes.
After mass excision, FSE was performed; only 2 seminomatous tumors were identified, and the remaining masses were benign lesions. After a mean follow-up >12 months, all patients are free of disease; no hypogonadism developed.
TSS performed using an operating microscope allowed the preservation of testes for 21 patients diagnosed with small testicular and/or nonpalpable mass (<2 cm), without evidence of disease recurrence or de novo onset. This approach could be mandatory in the treatment of bilateral tumors or in solitary testis. Maintaining fertility is not the main goal of TSS because a great number of patients affected by testicular tumors are already infertile. Esthetic outcomes and sparing hormonal function are the main reasons for TSS.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Imaging of the genitourinary tract is essential in the workup of the majority of the conditions seen daily by urologists. The use of ultrasound in the office provides a safe, low cost, and efficient way for the clinician to evaluate the patient in real time. Ultrasound can allow for bedside diagnosis in many conditions and assist in treatment planning. This chapter covers the major applications of office ultrasound for the urologist as well as discusses future applications of ultrasound for the office setting.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this review is to illustrate the potential of different and newer ultrasound techniques, beyond conventional B-mode imaging, including colour Doppler ultrasound, contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and tissue elastography in the characterisation of both benign and malignant intratesticular lesion. Normally, testicular malignancies, either primary or secondary, demonstrate an increase in colour Doppler signal. However, there is a diversity of benign testicular lesions that may mimic testicular malignancies. The use of CEUS improves characterisation of testicular lesions, and confirms lack of vascularity in benign abnormalities such as epidermoid cysts, infarctions, abscesses and changes following trauma. Tissue elastography allows further evaluation of the cellular consistency of the abnormality. Familiarity with the appearances seen with these ultrasound techniques in both benign and malignant abnormalities should aid in improving confidence in arriving at the correct diagnosis.
The British journal of radiology 06/2012; · 2.11 Impact Factor
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