Diabetes mellitus as a risk factor for the development of lumbar spinal stenosis.

Spine Unit, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin, and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Israel.
The Israel Medical Association journal: IMAJ (Impact Factor: 0.98). 01/2010; 12(1):16-20.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Diabetes mellitus is a multi-organ disorder affecting many types of connective tissues, including bone and cartilage. Certain skeletal changes are more prevalent in diabetic patients than in non-diabetic individuals. A possible association of diabetes mellitus and lumbar spinal stenosis has been raised.
To compare the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in patients with spinal stenosis, degenerative disk disease or osteoporotic vertebral fractures.
A cross-sectional analysis was performed of 395 consecutive patients diagnosed with spinal stenosis, degenerative disk disease or osteoporotic vertebral fractures. All the patients were examined by one senior author in the outpatient orthopedic clinic of a large general hospital between June 2004 and January 2006 and diagnosed as having lumbar spinal stenosis (n=225), degenerative disk disease (n=124), or osteoporotic vertebral fractures (n=46).
The prevalence of diabetes mellitus in the three groups (spinal stenosis, osteoporotic fracture, degenerative disk disease) was 28%, 6.5% and 12.1%, respectively, revealing a significantly higher prevalence in the spinal stenosis group compared with the others (P=0.001). The higher prevalence of diabetes in the stenotic patients was unrelated to the presence of degenerative spondylolisthesis.
There is an association between diabetes and lumbar spinal stenosis. Diabetes mellitus may be a predisposing factor for the development of lumbar spinal stenosis.

1 Bookmark
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Difficulty in walking, pain, numbness and other symptoms may occur in geriatric patients during walking, depending on various pathologies of waist, hips, knees and other areas. However claudication is an important symptom that is watched in specific clinic tables. That often appears by walking and it is described as not localized pain in one or two legs, weakness, numbness, parestesia and cramp by patients. Vascular claudication, especially monitored in peripheral arterial disease and neurogenic claudication monitored in lumbar spinal stenosis are the most important and initial clinical symptoms of these statements. In the presence of lower extremity pain in geriatric patients there are many diseases to be considered in the differential diagnosis. Therefore, patients with claudication should not be neglected as defined for the differential diagnosis and a guiding symptom. In this text, we present a case which described a variable claudication and diagnosed with lumber spinal stenosis and peripheral artery disease the aim of rewiewing the process from symptoms to diagnosis.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A descriptive study of the association between demographic factors, and physical characteristics, and degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis (DLSS). To shed light on the association between socioeconomic parameters, physical characteristics, and DLSS. Lumbar spinal stenosis is a prevalent and disabling condition in the aging population. DLSS is considered to be the most common type and is essentially associated with disc disease, facet joint arthrosis, ligamentum flavum thickening, and osteophyte formation. Although there is ample information regarding the association between body mass index, cardiovascular disorders, smoking habits, and disc disease, very little is known about their association with DLSS. Data on the association of body physique (e.g., height and weight) and DLSS are limited. Two sample populations were studied. The first included 165 individuals with DLSS (mean age, 64 ± 9.9 yr) and the second 180 individuals without spinal stenosis related symptoms (mean age, 62.5 ± 12.6 yr). An evaluation of the cross-sectional area of the dural sac and degenerative listhesis for all participants was performed using computed tomographic lumbar spine images, obtained by Philips EBW station (Brilliance 64, Philips Medical System, Cleveland, OH). All participants were interviewed to obtain demographic, physical, and health data. Independent t test, Mann-Whitney and χ tests were used to determine the association between parametric and nonparametric variables and DLSS. Logistic regression analysis was carried out to reveal predicting variables for DLSS. Females with stenosis were significantly heavier and shorter than their counterparts in the control group. We also noticed that they delivered babies more often than those in the control group. Prevalence of individuals experiencing diabetes mellitus was significantly higher in the males with stenosis than control group. In the stenosis group, the frequencies of individuals engaged in heavy manual labor (males) and housekeeping (females) were significantly higher than that of their counterparts in the control group. Heavy manual labor and diabetes mellitus in males and housekeeping (females) play major roles in the genesis of DLSS.
    Spine 04/2013; 38(9):E554-61. · 2.16 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Diabetes mellitus (DM) has been clinically proved as a risk factor of disc degeneration, and the accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) is known to be potentially involved in diabetes. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of AGEs in the degeneration process of diabetic nucleus pulposus (NP) in rats and humans. Diabetic NP cells from rat coccygeal discs were treated with different concentrations of AGEs (0, 50, and 100 µg/ml) for 3 days, and mRNA expressions of MMP-2 and RAGE were measured by real-time RT-PCR. In addition, conditioned medium from NP cells was used to analyze protein expression of MMP-2 activity and ERK by gelatin zymography and Western blot. These experiments were repeated using human intervertebral disc samples. The immunohistochemical expression of AGEs was significantly increased in diabetic discs. In response to AGEs, an increase of MMP-2, RAGE, and ERK at both mRNA and protein expression levels was observed in diabetic NP cells. The findings suggest that AGEs and DM are associated with disc degeneration in both species. Hyperglycemia in diabetes enhances the accumulation of AGEs in the NP and triggers disc degeneration. © 2013 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res.
    Journal of Orthopaedic Research 10/2013; · 2.88 Impact Factor