We report a case of thymic carcinoma with massive pericardial effusion in a 74-year-old man. This patient with dyspnea was referred to our hospital because of pericardial effusion detected by echocardiography. A chest computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed an anterior mediastinal mass measuring 8.0 x 5.0 cm with massive pericardial effusion. The mass lesion was suggestive of thymic carcinoma or invasive thymoma. Initially, he underwent pericardial drainage. The collected fluid was serous and yellow, and cytological examination found no malignant cells. The tumor with partial pericardium was resected. Histopathological findings confirmed the lesion to be squamous cell carcinoma of the thymus. The etiology of a massive nonmalignant pericardial effusion associated with thymic carcinoma warrants further studies. The patient is alive without recurrence and without pericardial effusion at 3 years to date after the operation. Not all pericardial effusion associated with thymic cancer involves malignant effusion.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Thymic carcinoma is a rare, indolent, and invasive cancer. This study investigated the treatment results of thymic carcinoma and clinical prognostic factors.
From June 1988 to January 2002, 38 patients were enrolled in this study with the diagnosis of thymic carcinoma in the Cheng-Kung University Hospital based on Rosai's and Muller-Hermelink's classification. Clinical and pathologic data were retrospectively reviewed. Survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier, log rank, and Wilcoxon tests. Statistical significance was defined as p < 0.05.
Pathology revealed 14 poorly differentiated, 6 moderately differentiated, and 8 well-differentiated squamous cell carcinomas; 8 lymphoepithelioma-like carcinomas; and 2 other carcinomas. Pathologic staging using the Masaoka system included 6 stage II, 23 stage III, and 9 stage IV patients. Six biopsies, five debulkings, and 27 complete resections were performed. All patients were followed from 15 months to 10 years 9 months, with an average of 53.8 months. Median survival time was 81 months, and median recurrence time was 52 months. Eighteen patients are still alive, and 7 are alive with disease. Well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma had better prognosis than other carcinomas (p = 0.022). Complete resection significantly increased survival rate (p < 0.001). Tumor invasion of the superior vena cava, pulmonary vessels, or aorta were significant predictors for poor prognosis (p = 0.016, 0.002, and 0.002, respectively).
Only patients with thymic carcinoma who underwent complete resection had long-term survival. Prognosis of thymic carcinoma seemed mainly dependent on tumor invasion of the great vessels.
The Annals of Thoracic Surgery 10/2003; 76(4):1041-5. DOI:10.1016/S0003-4975(03)00831-2 · 3.85 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A case of thymic carcinoma arising within a lymphocyte rich thymoma is reported. The undifferentiated carcinoma contained cellular elements resembling choriocarcinoma but could be differentiated there-from by positive staining for prekeratin antigen and an absence of staining for B-HCG antigen utilizing immunohistochemical techniques.
Archiv für Pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für Klinische Medicin 01/1986; 409(2):163-169. DOI:10.1007/BF00708325 · 2.65 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although rare, thymoma is the most common tumour of the anterior mediastinum. In an effort to assess the clinical and pathologic characteristics of this tumour and to determine whether clinicopathologic stage or histopathologic classification correlates with clinical outcome, in the Department of Pathology and the Department of Surgery at the University of Saskatchewan we reviewed all cases of thymoma registered in the province of Saskatchewan using the database of the Saskatchewan Cancer Centre.
In 65 patients with a diagnosis of thymoma or thymic carcinoma identified from the Saskatchewan Cancer Centre database between Jan. 1, 1960, and Dec. 31, 2000, we studied the presentation, diagnostic investigations, therapeutic interventions, tumour size, postoperative course, clinical stage, histopathologic classification, disease recurrence and mortality.
Of the 65 patients, 17 (26%) were asymptomatic and 11 (17%) had symptoms consistent with myasthenia gravis. Surgical resection is most commonly performed through a median sternotomy and frequently requires en bloc resection of one or more adjacent structures. The overall survival of patients with thymomawas found to correlate with the clinical stage as described by Masaoka and colleagues and with complete tumour resection. A trend to clinicopathologic correlation was observed when applying the histologic classification systems of Suster and Moran and the World Health Organisation, but this trend was not statistically significant.
Thymoma is a rare tumour with a variable clinical presentation. Clinical outcome correlates with clinical stage and the ability to achieve complete tumour resection.
Canadian journal of surgery. Journal canadien de chirurgie 03/2003; 46(1):37-42. · 1.51 Impact Factor
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