A Rare Neonatal Testicular Tumor: Juvenile Granulosa Cell Tumor of Infant Testis: A Report of 3 Cases
ABSTRACT SUMMARY: Juvenile granulosa, the cell tumor of testis are very rarely seen in children. Radical orchiectomy is sufficient for treatment. In this study, we presented 3 infants with juvenile granulosa cell tumor in testis.
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ABSTRACT: Juvenile granulosa cell tumour (JGCT) of the testis is a benign neoplasm rarely seen in children. It usually presents as a unilateral scrotal mass and can be associated with genital ambiguity and chromosomal anomalies. Radical orchiectomy is the treatment of choice. We present an infant with a JGCT of the testis and we review the typical findings of the disease.Canadian Urological Association journal = Journal de l'Association des urologues du Canada 04/2012; 6(2):E101-3. DOI:10.5489/cuaj.10176 · 1.92 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Pediatric ovarian and testicular sex cord-stromal tumors are distinct from germ cell neoplasms and may present with palpable mass or signs of hormone production. Both may be associated with specific genetic syndromes. Staging for ovarian sex cord-stromal tumors is based on the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics classification for ovarian carcinoma. Treatment for those with high risk disease includes multiagent chemotherapy. Testicular stromal tumors often, though not always, follow a benign course. Additional research will help to define optimal treatment strategies for children with these rare tumors.Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology 05/2012; 34 Suppl 2:S55-63. DOI:10.1097/MPH.0b013e31824e3867 · 0.90 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The spectrum of testicular tumors and tumor-like lesions that affect young patients (defined for purposes of this essay as less than 20 years old) differs significantly from that in an older age group. Although germ cell tumors remain the single largest category, they are a smaller proportion than in adults. Furthermore the pathogenesis and behavior of comparably named germ cell tumors differ depending on whether or not they have developed in prepubertal or postpubertal patients. This is most apparent for the teratomas, which are almost uniformly benign in children but, with some notable exceptions, malignant in the older patients. But even the most common malignant tumor of the testis in children, the yolk sac tumor, despite its identical morphology, lacks the association with other germ cell tumor types, including intratubular germ cell neoplasia, and more aggressive behavior that typify the adult tumors. Among the sex cord-stromal tumors, the juvenile granulosa cell tumor predominates in children, mostly occurs in those under 1 year old, and, for all intents and purposes, is not seen in the postpubertal period. It has a distinctive morphology and, to date, a uniformly benign outcome. There are additional tumors in the sex cord-stromal group that are mostly seen in young patients, including the large cell calcifying Sertoli cell tumor and intratubular large cell hyalinizing Sertoli cell neoplasia. The former is sometimes associated with the Carney syndrome and, to date, all of the latter with the Peutz-Jeghers syndrome. The subtypes of lymphomas and leukemias that involve the testis in children are rare in older patients, and similar remarks pertain to the metastatic tumors, where neuroblastoma (especially) and Wilms’ tumor are most common but may be mimicked by primary tumors originating in the paratestis. The pseudoneoplastic lesion, the testicular “tumor” of the adrenogenital syndrome, is usually found in young patients and bears a strong resemblance to the Leydig cell tumor, although there are features that allow its distinction, which is important given its frequently bilateral nature and amenability to medical management through glucocorticoid administration. One of the preferential sites for embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma is the paratestis of young patients, where the spindle cell variant predominates. The melanotic neuroectodermal tumor (retinal anlage tumor) usually occurs in the first year of life, typically involves the epididymis and uncommonly metastasizes. Occasional cases of the desmoplastic small round cell tumor present in the paratestis of teenagers, and some distinctive tumor-like lesions of the paratestis may also be seen, including meconium perirorchitis and splenic-gonadal fusion (occupying both testis and paratestis). These tumors and tumor-like lesions and many others are discussed in this review with the hope it will provide the diagnostic pathologist aid in recognizing the lesions and providing some insight into their clinical significance.Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology 07/2014; 31(5). DOI:10.1053/j.semdp.2014.07.003 · 2.56 Impact Factor