HtrA, RseP, and Tsp do not elicit a pathology related serum IgG response during sexually transmitted infection with Chlamydia trachomatis

Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation and School of Life Sciences, Queensland University of Technology, Kelvin Grove, QLD 4053, Australia.
Journal of Reproductive Immunology (Impact Factor: 2.82). 06/2010; 85(2):168-71. DOI: 10.1016/j.jri.2010.02.007
Source: PubMed


Chlamydia trachomatis sexually transmitted infection can cause serious reproductive morbidities. This study determined the prevalence of a serum IgG response to C. trachomatis putative stress response proteins in women, to test for an association with genital tract pathology. There was no significant association of serum IgG reactive with C. trachomatis HtrA, Tsp, or RseP with infection or pathology. cHSP60 serum IgG prevalence was significantly associated with infection compared to IgG negative infertile controls, but not with upper genital tract pathology. Serum IgG(1-4) antibody subclasses reactive with these antigens was not significantly different between cohorts, although different responses to each antigen were detected.

Download full-text


Available from: Joseph Debattista, Oct 02, 2015
12 Reads
  • Source
    • "Blood specimens will be taken at the recruitment visit and from all women who return a positive test of cure test. Serum will be analyzed for chlamydia antibodies titres against peptide and protein antigens using previously described methods [51,52]. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Chlamydia trachomatis is the most commonly diagnosed bacterial sexually transmitted infection in the developed world and diagnosis rates have increased dramatically over the last decade. Repeat infections of chlamydia are very common and may represent re-infection from an untreated partner or treatment failure. The aim of this cohort study is to estimate the proportion of women infected with chlamydia who experience treatment failure after treatment with 1 gram azithromycin.Methods/design: This cohort study will follow women diagnosed with chlamydia for up to 56 days post treatment. Women will provide weekly genital specimens for further assay. The primary outcome is the proportion of women who are classified as having treatment failure 28, 42 or 56 days after recruitment. Comprehensive sexual behavior data collection and the detection of Y chromosome DNA and high discriminatory chlamydial genotyping will be used to differentiate between chlamydia re-infection and treatment failure. Azithromycin levels in high-vaginal specimens will be measured using a validated liquid chromatography -- tandem mass spectrometry method to assess whether poor azithromycin absorption could be a cause of treatment failure. Chlamydia culture and minimal inhibitory concentrations will be performed to further characterize the chlamydia infections. Distinguishing between treatment failure and re-infection is important in order to refine treatment recommendations and focus infection control mechanisms. If a large proportion of repeat chlamydia infections are due to antibiotic treatment failure, then international recommendations on chlamydia treatment may need to be re-evaluated. If most are re-infections, then strategies to expedite partner treatment are necessary.
    BMC Infectious Diseases 08/2013; 13(1):379. DOI:10.1186/1471-2334-13-379 · 2.61 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim is to review recent findings on immunity and vaccine development to Chlamydia trachomatis. There is increasing knowledge on the interactions between C. trachomatis and infected host cells. During genital infection the organism avoids generating protective immunity but immune responses to a number of chlamydial proteins have been associated with reproductive tract pathology. Various vaccine and adjuvant preparations have been tried experimentally. Information generated by proteomics and complex studies of serological and T-lymphocyte immune responses points to novel vaccine candidates. C. trachomatis, an obligate intracellular bacterium, is the commonest sexually transmitted infection worldwide and is associated with reproductive pathology. To develop rational vaccines it is necessary to understand the complex lifecycle of the organism, the host immune response to infection and how these relate to disease. Infection does not prevent re-infection and antibiotic treatment prevents antibody production at a population level. It remains unclear what type of immune response would be sufficient to prevent infection and/or re-infection. Although the prevalence and demographics of infection and the severity of disease associations suggest that it would be desirable, there is no vaccine currently available. A number of studies have identified novel vaccine candidates.
    Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases 02/2011; 24(1):56-61. DOI:10.1097/QCO.0b013e3283421081 · 5.01 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Chlamydia trachomatis infection results in reproductive damage in some women. The process and factors involved in this immunopathology are not well understood. This study aimed to investigate the role of primary human cellular responses to chlamydial stress response proteases and chlamydial infection to further identify the immune processes involved in serious disease sequelae. Laboratory cell cultures and primary human reproductive epithelial cultures produced IL-6 in response to chlamydial stress response proteases (CtHtrA and CtTsp), UV inactivated Chlamydia, and live Chlamydia. The magnitude of the IL-6 response varied considerably (up to 1000 pg ml-1) across different primary human reproductive cultures. Thus different levels of IL-6 production by reproductive epithelia may be a determinant in disease outcome. Interestingly, co-culture models with either THP-1 cells or autologous primary human PBMC generally resulted in increased levels of IL-6, except in the case of live Chlamydia where the level of IL-6 was decreased compared to the epithelial cell culture only, suggesting this pathway may be able to be modulated by live Chlamydia. PBMC responses to the stress response proteases (CtTsp and CtHtrA) did not significantly vary for the different participant cohorts. Therefore, these proteases may possess conserved innate PAMPs. MAP kinases appeared to be involved in this IL-6 induction from human cells. Finally, we also demonstrated that IL-6 was induced by these proteins and Chlamydia from mouse primary reproductive cell cultures (BALB/C mice) and mouse laboratory cell models. We have demonstrated that IL-6 may be a key factor for the chlamydial disease outcome in humans, given that primary human reproductive epithelial cell culture showed considerable variation in IL-6 response to Chlamydia or chlamydial proteins, and that the presence of live Chlamydia (but not UV killed) during co-culture resulted in a reduced IL-6 response suggesting this response may be moderated by the presence of the organism.
    BMC Immunology 11/2013; 14(1):50. DOI:10.1186/1471-2172-14-50 · 2.48 Impact Factor
Show more