Periampullary Dieulafoy’s lesion: an unusual case of gastrointestinal bleeding

Department of Gastroenterology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Sector 12. Chandigarh, India.
JOP: Journal of the pancreas 01/2010; 11(3):266-9.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Dieulafoy's lesion is an unusual cause of gastrointestinal bleeding with the most common location being the stomach. A periampullary location is rare for a bleeding Dieulafoy's lesion.
We present the case of a 52-year-old female who presented with intermittent painless melena. Her upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and colonoscopy were normal. She was a diagnostic challenge as no definite lesion could be identified on capsule endoscopy. However, as there was presence of fresh blood in the proximal jejunum, a push enteroscopy was performed which revealed the presence of fresh blood in the duodenum and proximal jejunum. But no bleeding lesion could be identified. A side view endoscopy was performed which revealed a bleeding periampullary Dieulafoy's lesion. Immediate hemostasis was achieved with an injection of adrenalin. Other episodes of bleeding occurred and the patient was finally treated surgically.
A periampullary Dieulafoy's lesion presenting with obscure gastrointestinal bleed is a diagnostic challenge and can be missed on capsule endoscopy.

4 Reads
  • Source
    • "Mabee and colleagues reported the first case of periampullary bleeding, the origin of which was a large vascular malformation of the minor papilla.4 Of the small number of reported cases, vascular malformations including angiodysplasia4–6 and Dieulafoy’s lesions7–9 have been repeatedly implicated as the source of bleeding. A number of endoscopic techniques have been utilized to control hemorrhage originating from these lesions including epinephrine injection,7 hemoclipping,8 and endoscopic resection.5 "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Periampullary bleeding is an uncommon cause of upper gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage, which is typically iatrogenic in origin occurring as the result of endoscopic intervention of the papilla. Spontaneous, non-iatrogenic periampullary bleeding is extraordinarily rare with only a few cases reported in the literature to date. Vascular malformations, including angiodysplasia and Dieulafoy's lesions, have been implicated in several reports as the etiology but endoscopic intervention is often unsuccessful in achieving durable hemostasis with surgery being required for definitive management in many cases. Herein is reported the case of a 67-year-old male on anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation who presented with severe upper GI bleeding determined to be arising from underneath the hood of the major papilla. No distinct lesion was seen endoscopically but the presumed etiology was an unidentified vascular malformation. Successful treatment was achieved with argon plasma coagulation (APC) applied circumferentially around the papilla. No subsequent endoscopic or surgical intervention was required for durable hemostasis and the patient was able to resume anticoagulation shortly after the procedure. This is the first reported case of spontaneous periampullary bleeding successfully treated with APC.
    Clinical Medicine Insights: Gastroenterology 08/2014; 7:47-50. DOI:10.4137/CGast.S17667
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A 67-year-old gentleman with no significant medical history of note presented with sudden onset of epigastric pain, coffee ground vomiting and passing black tarry stool. A series of investigations including blood tests, ultrasound scan, CT abdomen and pelvis with contrast and endoscopy failed to reveal any site of active bleeding. The mystery remained and the patient continued to have upper gastrointestinal bleeding. A second CT abdomen and pelvis with contrast was carried out and showed evidence of contrast extravasation into the duodenum ( figure 3). An exploratory laparotomy showed no obvious site of haemorrhage and a loop jejunostomy was performed. The diagnosis of gallstone-induced auto-sphincterotomy was only made, using gastroscope via jejunostomy, when a big gallstone was found in the third part of the duodenum and the papilla was ruptured ( figure 5).
    Case Reports 08/2012; 2012. DOI:10.1136/bcr-2012-006660
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Key Clinical Message A 74-year-old female patient underwent a Roux-en-Y cystjejunostomy for pancreatic pseudocyst developed several melena episodes and she was surgically reappraised. The main diagnostic concern was a pancreatic cystic neoplasm. A 12 × 8.0 × 5.0 cm retro-gastric lesion was resected and pathology report indicated an unsuspected gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). The report aimed to describe an atypical presentation of GIST.
    10/2014; 2(5). DOI:10.1002/ccr3.92