The aim of the study was to assess the use of the Therapeutic Intervention Scoring System-28 (TISS-28) in surgical intensive care unit (ICU) patients and the relationship of the score to the type of surgery, severity of illness, and outcome in these patients.
Prospectively collected data from all patients admitted to a postoperative ICU between March 1, 2004, and June 30, 2006, were analyzed retrospectively.
A total of 6903 patients were admitted during the study period (63.5% male; mean age, 62.3 years) constituting 29 140 observation days. The mean Simplified Acute Physiology Score (SAPS) II, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA), and TISS-28 scores on the day of ICU admission were 36.9 ± 18.2, 5.8 ± 3.9, and 43.2 ± 10.8, respectively. The highest admission TISS-28 was observed in patients who underwent cardiothoracic surgery (47.7 ± 10.1), the lowest in neurosurgical patients (40 ± 9.6), and both declined during the 2 weeks after ICU admission; however, in trauma patients and those admitted after gastrointestinal surgery, TISS scores increased gradually after the first 2 to 5 days in the ICU. The TISS-28 score was moderately correlated to SAPS II (R(2) = 0.42; P < .001) and SOFA score (R(2) = 0.48; P < .001) throughout the ICU stay and was consistently higher in nonsurvivors than in survivors during the first 2 weeks in the ICU.
There are marked variations in TISS-28 scores according to the type of surgery. Therapeutic Intervention Scoring System-28 correlates with the severity of illness and outcome in these patients.
"We would like to call the attention to a study conducted to assess the TISS-28 scores in
a surgical ICU that sought to correlate those results with the type of surgery, the
severity of disease, and the outcomes of the ICU patients. The results showed that the
highest TISS-28 score (47.7) corresponded to the patients subjected to cardiothoracic
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective:
To assess the performance of the Nursing Activities Score in a pediatric intensive care unit, compare its scores expressed as time spent on nursing activities to the corresponding ones calculated using the Simplified Therapeutic Intervention Scoring System, and correlate the results obtained by both instruments with severity, morbidity and mortality.
Prospective, observational, and analytical cohort study conducted at a type III general pediatric intensive care unit. The study participants were all the children aged 29 days to 12 years admitted to the investigated pediatric intensive care unit from August 2008 to February 2009.
A total of 545 patients were studied, which corresponded to 2,951 assessments. The average score of the Simplified Therapeutic Intervention Scoring System was 28.79±10.37 (915±330 minutes), and that of the Nursing Activities Score was 55.6±11.82 (802±161 minutes). The number of minutes that resulted from the conversion of the Simplified Therapeutic Intervention Scoring System score was higher compared to that resulting from the Nursing Activities Score for all the assessments (p<0.001). The correlation between the instruments was significant, direct, positive, and moderate (R=0.564).
The agreement between the investigated instruments was satisfactory, and both instruments also exhibited satisfactory discrimination of mortality; for that purpose, the best cutoff point was 16 nursing hours/patient day.
"Hospital LOS was calculated for two periods: (1) Post-ICU LOS: from unit discharge to hospital discharge/death; and (2) hospital LOS: from hospital admission to discharge/death. The Therapeutic Intervention Scoring System (TISS-28) has been validated in surgical ICU and is used to determine nursing workload and as proxy for cost [32-35]. The value of a TISS-28 point ranges between 35 and 39.9 Euro [35-37]. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The physiological basis of physiotherapeutic interventions used in intensive care has been established. We must determine the optimal service approach that will result in improved patient outcome. The aim of this article is to report on the estimated effect of providing a physiotherapy service consisting of an exclusively allocated physiotherapist providing evidence-based/protocol care, compared with usual care on patient outcomes.
An exploratory, controlled, pragmatic, sequential-time-block clinical trial was conducted in the surgical unit of a tertiary hospital in South Africa. Protocol care (3 weeks) and usual care (3 weeks) was provided consecutively for two 6-week intervention periods. Each intervention period was followed by a washout period. The physiotherapy care provided was based on the unit admission date. Data were analyzed with Statistica in consultation with a statistician. Where indicated, relative risks with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) are reported. Significant differences between groups or across time are reported at the alpha level of 0.05. All reported P values are two-sided.
Data of 193 admissions were analyzed. No difference was noted between the two patient groups at baseline. Patients admitted to the unit during protocol care were less likely to be intubated after unit admission (RR, 0.16; 95% CI, 0.07 to 0.71; RRR, 0.84; NNT, 5.02; P = 0.005) or to fail an extubation (RR, 0.23; 95% CI, 0.05 to 0.98; RRR, 0.77; NNT, 6.95; P = 0.04). The mean difference in the cumulative daily unit TISS-28 score during the two intervention periods was 1.99 (95% CI, 0.65 to 3.35) TISS-28 units (P = 0.04). Protocol-care patients were discharged from the hospital 4 days earlier than usual-care patients (P = 0.05). A tendency noted for more patients to reach independence in the transfers (P = 0.07) and mobility (P = 0.09) categories of the Barthel Index.
A physiotherapy service approach that includes an exclusively allocated physiotherapist providing evidence-based/protocol care that addresses pulmonary dysfunction and promotes early mobility improves patient outcome. This could be a more cost-effective service approach to care than is usual care. This information can now be considered by administrators in the management of scarce physiotherapy resources and by researchers in the planning of a multicenter randomized controlled trial.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this article was to describe an innovative quality initiative implemented by the clinical nurses specialist in medicine to facilitate the transition process between the intensive care unit and the medical wards.
Safely transferring patients with complex health conditions from an area of high technology and increased monitoring, like the intensive care unit, to an area with lower nurse-to-patient ratio is an intricate process. The care of these patients, once transferred, also requires varying levels of expertise. As indicated in the nursing literature, this type of transition is often associated with high stress levels for the patient and family, as well as for the healthcare providers. To maximize patient safety and ensure optimal care for this patient population, well-defined mechanisms must be put in place. DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT/INNOVATION: The introduction of a formal assessment, consultation, and follow-up process conducted by a clinical nurse specialist (CNS).
On average, 150 patients are assessed each year by the CNS. Among these patients, 15% are considered at high risk for complications upon transfer to the unit. INTERPRETATION/CONCLUSION/IMPLICATIONS: A systematic evaluation of patients by the CNS, before their transfer from the ICU to a medical unit, has been proven beneficial in ensuring a comprehensive patient care plan. Patients and families have verbalized that this intervention is helpful. Staff members have indicated that this safety initiative is useful in planning patient transfers. The next step would be to formally measure patient, family, and staff satisfaction with this initiative.
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