Safety and tolerability of a new formulation of pancrelipase delayed-release capsules (CREON) in children under seven years of age with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency due to cystic fibrosis: an open-label, multicentre, single-treatment-arm study.
ABSTRACT Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) is a deficiency of digestive enzymes caused by diseases such as cystic fibrosis (CF). Patients with EPI due to CF require pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy (PERT) in order to maintain adequate nutrition. A new formulation of pancrelipase delayed-release capsules (CREON) recently received US FDA approval and has demonstrated efficacy and safety in patients with CF aged > or =7 years. The objectives of this study were to observe the safety and tolerability of new formulation pancrelipase delayed-release capsules (study drug) versus the standard of care PERT (standard therapy) in children aged <7 years with CF and EPI. Secondary objectives were to assess the ease of accurate dosing of study drug, monitor clinical symptoms and compare the efficacy of both treatments. This was an open-label, multicentre, single-treatment-arm study in children aged <7 years with a confirmed diagnosis of CF and EPI. After the screening period (approximately 14 days), all patients entered a 3-day assessment period on their usual PERT (standard therapy), followed by the study drug treatment phase (10-14 days; target dose 8000 lipase units/kg bodyweight/day), which included a second 3-day assessment period. The safety and tolerability of both treatments were documented by recording adverse events (AEs). Clinical symptoms (mean daily stool frequency, abdominal pain, stool consistency and flatulence) were monitored and ease of accurate dosing, as judged by caregivers, was reported. Efficacy was determined by comparison of percent stool fat in spot stool samples collected during both 3-day assessment periods. Of the 19 patients who had informed consent from their parent/legally acceptable representative, one was withdrawn as a screen failure and was excluded from the safety and efficacy analyses; thus, 18 patients completed the study. The median age (range) was 23 (4-71) months and 13 (72%) were male. During study drug treatment, patients received a mean +/- SD dose in lipase units/kg bodyweight/day of 7542 +/- 1335 versus 6966 +/- 3392 on standard therapy. Overall, nine (50%) patients had at least one treatment-emergent AE (TEAE) whilst receiving either treatment. All TEAEs in this study were reported as mild and none resulted in patient discontinuation. The caregivers had a slight preference for study drug over standard therapy in terms of ease of accurate dosing: six (33.3%) caregivers thought the study drug was easier to dose while only one (5.6%) thought the study drug was harder to dose than standard therapy. Clinical symptom assessment results were similar between treatments. There was no clinically meaningful difference (significance not tested) between study drug and standard therapy in the mean +/- SD percent of stool fat: 28.1 +/- 9.9 and 27.9 +/- 8.9, respectively. In this study in children aged <7 years with EPI due to CF, the new formulation pancrelipase delayed-release capsules (CREON) were clinically comparable with standard therapy in terms of safety, tolerability and efficacy.
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ABSTRACT: The objective was to determine whether infants with CF, who developed EPI in early infancy, would tolerate long-term treatment with ZENPEP (pancrelipase) delayed-release capsules, containing 3000 USP units of lipase/capsule and demonstrate consistent long-term growth. The most common TEAEs were diarrhea, vomiting, and constipation (mild or moderate). At study completion, median weight-for-age percentiles increased from 22nd to 49th, median length-for-age percentiles increased from 36.5th to 42nd, and median weight-for-length percentiles increased from 41.5th to 55.5th. Long-term treatment (up to 12 months) of infants with EPI due to CF with Zenpep was well tolerated and associated with improved growth parameters. This is the first long-term study of pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy conducted in this patient population.Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 07/2014; 59(5). DOI:10.1097/MPG.0000000000000498 · 2.87 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The standard measure of pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy (PERT) efficacy in treating exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) is the coefficient of fat absorption (CFA). CFA measurement involves 72-hour stool collection, which presents a logistical challenge because, although the test may be performed on an outpatient basis in clinical practice, hospitalization is needed if assurance of complete collection and 100% compliance is required, for example, in controlled situations such as clinical trials. Our aim was to investigate sparse stool sample collection as an alternative to complete 72-hour collection for measurement of stool fat in subjects with EPI. Prospective data analysis from a previously published, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, 2-period crossover trial in subjects ages 7 to 11 years with EPI caused by cystic fibrosis. Percentage fat (PF) data from sparse stool samples were compared with 72-hour CFA values as a dichotomous variable (<80%, ≥80%), with evaluation of sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value. Area under the curve values were obtained from receiver operating characteristic plots of sensitivity versus 1-specificity. Twelve subjects provided samples for this analysis. Multiple-sample PF values ≤30% were greatly predictive for CFA values ≥80%, as shown by positive predictive value, sensitivity, and specificity values ≥0.89, with high accuracy (AUCs ≥0.93). Sparse stool sampling for PF analysis appears to be a valid, practical alternative to 72-hour CFA determination and has potential as a screening tool in clinical practice to identify both suboptimal dosing in subjects with EPI receiving PERT and substantial fat malabsorption in subjects not receiving PERT.Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition 06/2011; 53(6):634-40. DOI:10.1097/MPG.0b013e3182281c38 · 2.87 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Poor clinical outcomes in cystic fibrosis are often associated with undernutrition. Normal growth and development should be achieved in cystic fibrosis, and nutritional counseling is paramount at all ages. Prevention and early detection of growth failure is the key to successful nutritional intervention. The advance in nutritional management is certainly one factor that has contributed to the improved survival in recent decades. This review outlines the major nutritional parameters in the management of the patient with cystic fibrosis, including recent advances in pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy and fat-soluble vitamin therapy. There are sections on complicated clinical situations which directly affect nutrition, for example, before and after lung transplantation, cystic fibrosis-related diabetes, and bone health.Drug Design, Development and Therapy 06/2012; 6:151-61. DOI:10.2147/DDDT.S9258 · 3.03 Impact Factor