Impact of multivessel coronary disease on long-term outcome after percutaneous recanalization of coronary chronic total occlusions.
ABSTRACT Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of chronic total occlusions (CTO) is common even with concomitant multivessel disease. We aimed to investigate the impact of multivessel disease on long-term outcome after PCI for CTO.
We collected baseline, procedural and follow-up data on patients undergoing successful PCI with stenting for CTO. We divided our population into three groups: patients with 1 vessel disease (1VD), those with 2-vessel disease (2VD) and subjects with 3-vessel disease (3VD). The primary end-point was the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE), i.e. death, myocardial infarction or target vessel revascularization.
A total of 111 patients were included: 24 (21%) in group 1VD, 28 (25%) in group 2VD, and 59 (53%) in group 3VD. Clinical follow-up was available in 109 (98%) of them after a median of 27 months (range 6-68), yielding MACE rates of 1 (4%) in group 1VD, 5 (18%) in group 2VD, and 17 (29%) in group 3VD, respectively (P=0.03). No statistically significant difference was found comparing the 3 groups for the individual rates of death, myocardial infarction or target vessel revascularization (all P>0.05). No case of definite or probable stent thrombosis was adjudicated, despite use of DES in 99 (89%) patients.
Patients with diffuse coronary disease undergoing PCI for a CTO fare a significantly worse prognosis. Nonetheless, despite liberal use of DES, stent thrombosis is rare in this setting, without differences according to the initial severity of disease, thus supporting the long-term safety of DES, even if used in this "off-label" context.