Strength training and older women: A cross-sectional study examining factors related to exercise adherence

Friedman School of Nutrition, Tufts University, Boston, MA, USA.
Journal of aging and physical activity (Impact Factor: 1.97). 04/2010; 18(2):201-18.
Source: PubMed


Despite the recognized health benefits, few older women participate in strength-training exercises.
The purpose of this study was to examine factors related to older women's adherence to strength training after participation in the StrongWomen Program, a nationally disseminated community program. Adherence was defined as > or =4 months of twice-weekly strength training. Surveys were sent to 970 program participants from 23 states and to participants' corresponding program leaders. Five-hundred fifty-seven participants responded (57%).
Of respondents who completed surveys (527), 79% (415) adhered to strength training; adherers reported a mean of 14.1 +/- 9.1 months of strength training. Logistic-regression analysis revealed that exercise adherence was positively associated with age (p = .001), higher lifetime physical activity levels (p = .045), better perceived health (p = .003), leader's sports participation (p = .028), and leader's prior experience leading programs (p = .006).
These data lend insight to factors that may be related to exercise adherence among midlife and older women.

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    • "There is also evidence that group-based activities are likely to facilitate commitment and retention (Burke, Carron, Eys, Ntoumanis, & Estabrooks, 2006), through the development and maintenance of social support mechanisms, and the use of activities that people can coordinatively find enjoyable, fun and varied (Trost, Owen, Bauman, Sallis, & Brown, 2002; Whaley & Schrider, 2005). Other variables of importance in this domain include the quality of exercise leadership (Seguin et al., 2010) and a regular routine (McArthur et al., 2014). "
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    • "However, this study was pragmatic in intension and worked with existing classes. To recruit enough new participants to follow from first attendance would have meant recruiting only newly trained instructors with new classes, which itself would have introduced bias as experience of instructor is related to participant adherence (Seguin et al., 2010). "
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