Increasing Daily Water Intake and Fluid Adherence in Children Receiving Treatment for Retentive Encopresis

Department of Psychology, Eastern Michigan University, USA.
Journal of Pediatric Psychology (Impact Factor: 2.91). 05/2010; 35(10):1144-51. DOI: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsq033
Source: PubMed


To examine the efficacy of an enhanced intervention (EI) compared to standard care (SC) in increasing daily water intake and fluid goal adherence in children seeking treatment for retentive encopresis.
Changes in beverage intake patterns and fluid adherence were examined by comparing 7-week diet diary data collected during participation in the EI to achieved data for families who had previously completed the SC.
Compared to children in SC (n = 19), children in the EI (n = 18) demonstrated a significantly greater increase in daily water intake from baseline to the conclusion of treatment ( p ≤ .001), and were four and six times more likely to meet fluid targets in Phases 1 (Weeks 3-4) and 2 (Weeks 5-6) of fluid intervention, respectively (both p ≤ .001).
Enhanced education and behavioral strategies were efficacious in increasing children's intake of water and improving fluid adherence. Future research should replicate the findings in a prospective randomized clinical trial to discern their effectiveness.

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