Antiphospholipid antibodies and pregnancy outcomes in women heterozygous for factor V Leiden.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Utah, 30N 1900E, Room 2B200, Salt Lake City, UT 84132, USA.
Journal of Reproductive Immunology (Impact Factor: 2.34). 06/2010; 85(2):180-5. DOI:10.1016/j.jri.2010.03.007
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Antiphospholipid antibodies are associated with a spectrum of pregnancy complications, including preeclampsia and small for gestational age (SGA) fetuses. We sought to assess anticardiolipin and anti-beta2-glycoprotein I (anti-beta2-GPI) IgG and IgM antibody prevalence and the relationship of these antibodies to pregnancy complications in women with the Factor V Leiden (FVL) mutation. The study comprised a secondary analysis of a multicenter, prospective observational study of FVL prevalence among 5188 asymptomatic pregnant women. A subset of 362 women (117 FVL heterozygotes, 245 matched controls) had serum collected at the time of the original study and underwent serum analysis for anticardiolipin and anti-beta2-GPI IgG and IgM as a part of this analysis. The primary outcome was preeclampsia and/or SGA (<10%). The overall prevalence of anticardiolipin and anti-beta2-GPI IgG and IgM antibodies was low and did not vary with FVL status. Forty-seven women (13.0%) developed preeclampsia and/or SGA. There were no differences in primary outcome rates between women with and without aPL antibodies, regardless of FVL mutation status. Among FVL carriers, the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies does not appear to contribute to adverse pregnancy outcome.

0 0
  • Thrombosis Research 02/2004; 114(5-6):415-8. · 3.13 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: New clinical, laboratory and experimental insights, since the 1999 publication of the Sapporo preliminary classification criteria for antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), had been addressed at a workshop in Sydney, Australia, before the Eleventh International Congress on antiphospholipid antibodies. In this document, we appraise the existing evidence on clinical and laboratory features of APS addressed during the forum. Based on this, we propose amendments to the Sapporo criteria. We also provide definitions on features of APS that were not included in the updated criteria.
    Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis 03/2006; 4(2):295-306. · 6.08 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We wanted to evaluate whether testing for anti-phosholipid antibodies other than anti-cardiolipin (aCL) and anti-beta-2 glycoprotein I (abeta2GPI) immunoglobulin (Ig)G and IgM identifies patients with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) who may be positive for anti-phospholipid syndrome (APS). In a cross-sectional study comprising 62 patients with APS, 66 women with RPL, 50 healthy blood donors and 24 women with a history of successful pregnancies, we tested IgM and IgG antibodies to phosphatidic acid, phosphatidyl choline, phosphatidyl ethanolamine, phosphatidyl glycerol, phosphatidyl inositol and phosphatidyl serine with and without beta-2 glycoprotein I (beta2GPI) from a single manufacturer as well as aCL and abeta2GPI antibodies. Diagnostic accuracies of individual and combined anti-phospholipid (aPL) assays were assessed by computing sensitivities, specificities, positive predictive values and negative predictive values together with their 95% confidence intervals. There was a general trend for increased sensitivities in the presence of beta2GPI co-factor with significant effect for certain specificities. The overall combined sensitivity of the non-recommended aPL assays was not significantly higher than that of the aCL and aB2GPI tests. Multiple aPL specificities in RPL group is not significantly different from controls and therefore of no clinical significance.
    Clinical & Experimental Immunology 10/2008; 154(3):332-8. · 3.41 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
Nov 29, 2013