In-treatment reduced left atrial diameter during antihypertensive treatment is associated with reduced new-onset atrial fibrillation in hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy: The LIFE Study
Department of Cardiology, Rigshospitalet, Denmark. Blood pressure
(Impact Factor: 1.81).
06/2010; 19(3):169-75. DOI: 10.3109/08037051.2010.481811
It is unclear whether improvement of left atrial (LA) and ventricular (LV) structure results in reduction in new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF). The aim of the present study was to examine whether changes in-treatment LA diameter were related to changes in risk of new-onset AF.
We followed 939 hypertensive patients with electrocardiographic LV hypertrophy randomized to atenolol or losartan-based regimens in the LIFE Study for a mean of 4.8 years with echocardiograms at enrolment and annually during treatment.
New-onset AF occurred in 46 patients (10.2/1000 patient-years of follow-up). At baseline, patients with new-onset AF were older, had higher systolic blood pressure and heart rate as well as higher prevalence of LA dilatation, but had similar prevalences of LV hypertrophy and mitral or aortic valve disease. In univariate Cox analysis baseline LA diameter (HR=4.67 per cm increase [95% CI 2.86-7.65], p<0.001) and LV mass index (HR=1.11 per 10 g/m(2) increase [95% CI 1.02-1.22], p<0.05) both predicted new-onset AF. In multivariate analysis, increased baseline LA diameter increased the risk of new-onset AF (HR=5.16 per cm [95% CI 2.85-9.35], p<0.001) whereas reduction of in-treatment LA diameter reduced the risk (HR=0.21 per cm lower LA diameter during treatment [95% CI 0.14-0.32], p<0.001) with adjustment for in-treatment LV mass in-treatment systolic blood pressure, age and Framingham risk score.
LA diameter at baseline and during antihypertensive treatment were equally strong predictors of new-onset AF independent of the level of arterial pressure, LV mass and other covariates. Prevention of AF during antihypertensive treatment may be improved by antihypertensive therapy that reduces LA size in addition to controlling blood pressure.
Available from: Nam-Sik Woo
- "Wang et al.  reported that the maintenance of low LA wall tension and near normal size of LA was important factors to maintain normal sinus rhythm after mitral or tricuspid valve surgeries and Maze procedure. Wachtell et al.  also reported that LA size is strong predictor to the development of AF. Mitral valvular heart disease, increased left atrial pressure and volume overload, which lead to left atrial enlargement (LAE), is frequently associated with AF. "
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ABSTRACT: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia. Magnesium has been reported to be effective in reducing the incidence or prophylaxis of AF. Magnesium is also an essential constituent of many enzyme systems and plays a physiological role in coagulation regulation. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of magnesium, whether magnesium infusion might decrease the incidence of AF and induce hypocoagulable state in patients with AF, who were undergoing mitral valve annuloplasty.
This prospective laboratory study was performed using blood from patients with AF undergoing mitral valve annuloplasty. The radial artery was punctured with a 20 gauge catheter and used for monitoring continuous arterial pressure and blood sampling. After anesthesia induction, 4 g of magnesium was mixed with 100 ml normal saline and infused for 5 minutes. Magnesium, calcium, activated clotting time (ACT) and thromboelastographic parameters were checked before and 60 minutes after the magnesium infusion. The electrocardiography changes after magnesium infusion were also checked before commencing cardiopulmonary bypass.
After magnesium infusion, the serum level of magnesium increased significantly but serum calcium did not change significantly. ACT did not change significantly before or after magnesium infusion. The thromboelastographic parameters showed no significant changes before or after magnesium infusion. None of the patients converted to sinus rhythm from AF after the magnesium infusion.
A magnesium infusion did not influence the course of AF and coagulation in patients during prebypass period with AF undergoing mitral valve annuloplasty.
Korean journal of anesthesiology 09/2011; 61(3):210-5. DOI:10.4097/kjae.2011.61.3.210
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ABSTRACT: Atrial fibrillation, the most common cardiac arrhythmia in clinical practice, causes significant burden to patients and health care systems worldwide. Attention is being paid to prevention of atrial fibrillation using drugs that retard or prevent atrial fibrosis and arrhythmogenic remodeling, which lead to this arrhythmia. Agents that work through the renin-angiotensin-receptor system, the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers, are showing promise in animal and human studies.
Current Cardiology Reports 10/2006; 8(5):356-64. DOI:10.1007/s11886-006-0075-1 · 1.93 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Atrial fibrillation is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia in clinical practice, and causes significant burden to patients and health care systems. Clinicians treat existing atrial fibrillation with anticoagulation and/or drugs that utilize either a rate or rhythm control strategy. It remains unclear how best to reduce cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in this population. Prevention of atrial fibrillation using angiotensin receptor blockers, which affect ion currents and refractoriness in atrial myocytes, regress or prevent atrial fibrosis, decrease left atrial size, regress left ventricular hypertrophy, modulate sympathetic nerve activity, reduce inflammation, and reduce blood pressure, may become an important and desirable alternative.
Current Hypertension Reports 09/2007; 9(4):278-83. DOI:10.1007/s11906-007-0051-1 · 3.44 Impact Factor
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