[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The dilatation group is applied to the cylindrically symmetric acoustic wave equation. Admissible classes of index of refraction functions are determined, which remain invariant under that group. Using several such functions we find exact invariant solutions of the resulting acoustic equation, and one numerical evaluation is made.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A review of the role of symmetries in solving differential equations is presented. After showing some recent results on the application of classical Lie point symmetries to problems in fluid draining, meteorology, and epidemiology of AIDS, the nonclassical symmetries method is presented. Finally, it is shown that iterations of the nonclassical symmetries method yield new non-linear equations, which inherit the Lie symmetry algebra of the given equation. Invariant solutions of these equations supply new solutions of the original equation. Furthermore, the equations yield both partial symmetries as given by Vorobev, and differential constraints as given by Vorobev and by Olver. Some examples are given. The importance of using ad hoc interactive REDUCE programs is underlined.
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