Transient IgA nephropathy with acute kidney injury in a patient with dengue fever
ABSTRACT Dengue virus infection can clinically manifest as dengue fever, dengue shock syn-drome and dengue hemorrhagic fever. Acute kidney injury as a result of dengue virus infection can occur due to various reasons including hypotension, rhabdomyolysis, sepsis and rarely immune complex mediated glomerular injury. However, glomerulonephritis associated with IgA Nephropathy in dengue virus infection has not been reported previously. We report a case of 15-year-old boy who was admitted with dengue fever and dialysis dependant acute kidney injury. Urine examination showed microscopic glomerular hematuria and proteinuria. Kidney biopsy showed mesangial proliferation with mesangial IgA dominant immune complex deposits and acute tubular necrosis. A repeated kidney biopsy 6 weeks after clinical recovery showed reversal of glomerular changes as well as resolution of mesangial IgA deposits.
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ABSTRACT: Worldwide there is a need to develop simple effective predictors that can distinguish whether a patient will progress from dengue fever (DF) to life threatening dengue hemorrhagic (DHF) or dengue shock syndrome (DSS). We explored whether proteinuria could be used as such a marker. We included patients admitted to hospital with suspected dengue fever. Starting at enrollment until discharge, each patient's daily spot urine protein creatinine ratio (UPCR) was measured. We classified those with confirmed dengue infection as DF or DHF (including DSS) based on WHO criteria. Peak and day of onset of proteinuria was compared between both groups. Compared to those with DF, patients with DHF had significantly higher median peak proteinuria levels (0.56 versus 0.08 g/day; p < 0.001). For patients with DHF, the median day of onset of proteinuria was at 6 days of defervescence, with a range of -2 to +3 days after defervescence. There were three patients with DF who did not have proteinuria during their illness; the five remaining patients with DF had a median day of onset of proteinuria of was at 6 days of defervescence with a range of 0 to +28 days. Peak UPCR could potentially predict DHF in patients with dengue requiring close monitoring and treatment.BMC Infectious Diseases 08/2011; 11:212. · 3.03 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Glomerulonephritis occurs as a rare form of renal manifestation in Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Herein, we report a case of falciparum malaria-associated IgA nephropathy for the first time. A 49-yr old male who had been to East Africa was diagnosed with Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Microhematuria and proteinuria along with acute kidney injury developed during the course of the disease. Kidney biopsy showed mesangial proliferation and IgA deposits with tubulointerstitial inflammation. Laboratory tests after recovery from malaria showed disappearance of urinary abnormalities and normalization of kidney function. Our findings suggest that malaria infection might be associated with IgA nephropathy.Journal of Korean medical science 04/2012; 27(4):446-9. · 0.84 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We report a case of nephrotic range proteinuria with 24-hour urine protein level of 335.7 mg/kg/day which developed following dengue hemorrhagic fever. Due to prolonged hypoalbuminemia from renal loss, right pleural effusion persisted and required pleuracentesis. The patient did not have classical nephrotic syndrome. The proteinuria improved without specific treatment. A renal biopsy was not performed due to self-resolution of the proteinuria and azotemia. Heavy proteinuria is not a typical characteristic of dengue virus infection, therefore the pathophysiology of this nephropathy has not been well described to date.The Southeast Asian journal of tropical medicine and public health 05/2011; 42(3):579-82. · 0.61 Impact Factor