Article

Evaluación de la eficacia de un tratamiento individual para mujeres víctimas de violencia de pareja con trastorno de estrés postraumático

Pensamiento Psicológico 01/2009;
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT El objetivo de esta investigación es evaluar la eficacia de un tratamiento breve e individual del trastorno de estrés postraumático (TEPT) en mujeres víctimas de pareja. Participaron 20 mujeres víctimas de malos tratos por su pareja, todas con diagnóstico de TEPT (DSM-IV-TR). El tratamiento, aplicado en formato individual, consta de ocho sesiones, incluyendo psicoeducación, entrenamiento en control de la activación, terapia cognitiva y terapia de exposición. Se utilizó un diseño cuasiexperimental de medidas repetidas (en el pretratamiento, postratamiento y seguimientos). En el postratamiento se consigue una mejora significativa en la sintomatología postraumática (superación del TEPT en más del 80% de las participantes) y en los problemas asociados: depresión, autoestima, inadaptación social y cogniciones postraumáticas. Mejorías que se mantienen, e incluso, se incrementan en el seguimiento a seis meses.

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