Article

La sobrecarga en los cuidadores principales de enfermos de Alzheimer

01/1998;
Source: OAI

ABSTRACT El presente estudio mide la sobrecarga experimentada por los principales cuidadores de enfermos de Alzheimer. La muestra está compuesta de 52 sujetos de ambos sexos, con las siguientes características: sujetos a partir de 20 años de edad y sin límite superior,cuidadores principales de ancianos con demencia tipo Alzheimer, que convivían bajo el mismo techo cuidador-enfermo, compartían las actividades de la vida cotidiana. Por último, los ancianos dementes no debían estar institucionalizados. Se controlaron las variables: edad, sexo, estado civil, nº de hijos, nivel de estudios, nivel económico, tipo de vínculo, tiempo de cuidado y el nivel de demencia (CAMDEX), así como las respuestas de los sujetos a un cuestionario sobre la Sobrecarga en Cuidadores de Ancianos con Demencia (SCAD). Los resultados de este estudio indican que experimentaron mayor sobrecarga los cuidadores que son mujeres, mayores de 56 años, casadas, con un hijo, con nivel de estudios bajo-medio, de bajo nivel económico, que cuidan al enfermo alrededor de 10-12 años y que cuidan a enfermos en 3ª fase.

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