Benign Osteoblastoma of the Sphenoid Bone

Department of Neuroradiology, Hospital Pedro Hispano, Matosinhos, Portugal.
Skull Base (Impact Factor: 0.66). 11/2009; 19(6):437-41. DOI: 10.1055/s-0029-1224861
Source: PubMed


Osteoblastoma is an uncommon benign bone tumor that accounts for 1% of all primary bone tumors. Well documented in the spine and long bones, it is rarely found in the skull, namely in the sphenoid bone, with only five cases reported in the literature. We report a case of an 11-year-old girl with a histologically confirmed benign osteoblastoma in an unusual location and an atypical aspect on the imaging studies.

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Available from: Mrinalini Honavar, Oct 07, 2015
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    • "The most common area of involvement is the cervical spine (20 to 40 percent), followed by the lumbar spine. Approximately 10 to 15 percent arise within the bones of the craniofacial skeleton [7,8]. The most common location is the mandible, followed by the maxilla. "
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction Osteoblastoma is an uncommon benign bone tumor that accounts for 1 percent of all primary bone tumors. About 30 to 40 percent of all osteoblastoma cases involve the spine. Osteoblastoma involving the nasal cavity is rare, with only 11 reported cases in the English-language literature, while only four cases of turbinate osteoblastoma have been described. Case presentation We report an unusual case of middle turbinate osteoblastoma associated with right-sided nasal obstruction and severe headache in a 14-year-old Caucasian girl. The tumor involved the right middle turbinate, complete anterior and incomplete posterior ethmoidal cells, and the frontal sinus ostium. Cribriform lamina was, in the most part, consumed by the tumor growth, while the skull base was mostly of normal bone structure. Conclusions To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of middle turbinate osteoblastoma with intracranial spread. Surgical treatment is the only therapeutic option for osteoblastoma.
    Journal of Medical Case Reports 05/2014; 8(1):161. DOI:10.1186/1752-1947-8-161
    • "OB is rarely known to involve the skull and when they do, mandible followed by the fronto-temporal calvarial regions tend to be the most frequently reported sites.[78910] Although, there are reports of involvement of skull base like the sphenoid sinus,[11] we are not aware of any reports of involvement of the craniovertebral junction by the aggressive variant of this tumor. "
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    ABSTRACT: Osteoblastoma (OB) is a rare bony neoplasm constituting around 1% of all primary bone tumors. Although the vertebrae and long bones are the most common sites affected by OB, skull remains a relatively uncommon site of occurrence. Aggressive variant of OB is histologically intermediate between an indolent conventional OB and a malignant osteosarcoma. To the best of our knowledge, aggressive osteoblastoma (AO) affecting the craniovertebral junction has not been previously described in the literature. In this report, we present a 34-year-old gentleman who presented with a mass involving the left side of the neck and oral cavity along with ipsilateral lower cranial nerve paresis. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging scans of the craniovertebral junction revealed a heterogeneously enhancing expansile lesion with areas of destruction involving the clivus, left sided jugular foramen and left side of first two cervical vertebras. Angiography showed distortion of the V3 segment of the left vertebral artery and shift of the ipsilateral internal carotid artery. The tumor was maximally excised through far lateral approach. Histopathologic examination revealed a diagnosis of AO. The patient was referred for radiotherapy for the residual tumor and was doing well at 5 months follow-up.
    Journal of craniovertebral junction and spine 07/2013; 4(2):69-72. DOI:10.4103/0974-8237.128533
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    ABSTRACT: Osteoblastoma is an uncommon benign osteogenic neoplasm that rarely involves the orbit. Intracranial and intraorbital extension causing neurologic and ophthalmologic symptoms and signs is very unusual. We report the case of an osteoblastoma of the orbital cavity with ethmoidal and anterior cranial fossa extension presenting as unilateral proptosis. Manifestations and management of this rare fronto-orbital lesion are discussed, and the relevant literature is reviewed. This 22-year-old man experienced a 3-month history of progressive left proptosis without neurologic symptoms. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging scans demonstrated a bony mass involving the roof of the left orbit and extending laterally to the adjacent ethmoid cells and upward to the lower part of the homolateral frontal convexity without parenchymal abnormality. A presumptive diagnosis of osteoma was considered. A left fronto-orbital craniotomy was performed. At surgery, the tumor was well circumscribed by a sclerotic margin. It was granular with bony spicules, destroying the orbital roof and involving the orbital cavity, ethmoidal cells, and anterior cranial fossa. The lesion was totally removed, and the anterior cranial base reconstructed. The histologic features were typical of benign osteoblastoma. After a follow-up period of 12 months, the patient has remained well without evidence of recurrence. Osteoblastoma should be considered in the differential diagnosis with other fronto-orbital bone-forming lesions. Although generally regarded as benign, a complete resection is recommended to prevent the possibility of postoperative recurrence and malignant transformation. Twelve previously reported cases were also reviewed.
    Surgical Neurology 05/2004; 61(4):391-7; discussion 397. DOI:10.1016/S0090-3019(03)00455-5 · 1.67 Impact Factor
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