Generation of sub-50-fs vacuum ultraviolet pulses by four-wave mixing in argon
ABSTRACT We report on the generation of femtosecond pulses at 160 nm with energies up to 240 nJ at 1 kHz repetition rate and sub-50-fs pulse duration. This pulse energy is a 1-order-of-magnitude improvement compared with previous sub-100-fs sources in this wavelength range. The pulses are generated by four-wave difference-frequency mixing process between the fundamental of a Ti:sapphire laser and its third harmonic in argon. Pulse duration measurements are achieved by pump-probe ionization of Xe gas providing the cross correlation between the fifth harmonic and the fundamental.
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ABSTRACT: We report on the generation of a three-octave supercontinuum extending from the vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) to the near-infrared, spanning at least 113 to 1000 nm (i.e., 11 to 1.2 eV), in He-filled hollow-core kagome-style photonic crystal fiber. The same system also permits generation of narrower-band VUV radiation tunable from 113 to 200 nm with efficiencies exceeding 1% and VUV pulse energies in excess of 50 nJ. Modeling confirms that the mechanism involves soliton self-compression to sub-femtosecond pulse durations, dispersive-wave emission and the plasma-induced soliton self-frequency blue-shift. The bandwidth of the generated VUV light, which modeling shows to be coherent, is sufficient to support 500 as single-cycle pulses.
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ABSTRACT: The sixth harmonic (6ω, 133 nm) of a Ti:sapphire laser is generated using cascaded four-wave mixing in filamentation propagation of the fundamental (ω) and the second harmonic (2ω) pulses through Ne gas. The method provides the 6ω pulse energy higher than 5 nJ/pulse at 1 kHz and a pulse duration shorter than 17 fs without dispersion compensation.Optics Letters 10/2014; 39(20). DOI:10.1364/OL.39.006021 · 3.18 Impact Factor
- Applied Sciences 03/2013; 3(1-1):122-138. DOI:10.3390/app3010122