A genome-wide association study of cleft lip with and without cleft palate identifies risk variants near MAFB and ABCA4.
ABSTRACT Case-parent trios were used in a genome-wide association study of cleft lip with and without cleft palate. SNPs near two genes not previously associated with cleft lip with and without cleft palate (MAFB, most significant SNP rs13041247, with odds ratio (OR) per minor allele = 0.704, 95% CI 0.635-0.778, P = 1.44 x 10(-11); and ABCA4, most significant SNP rs560426, with OR = 1.432, 95% CI 1.292-1.587, P = 5.01 x 10(-12)) and two previously identified regions (at chromosome 8q24 and IRF6) attained genome-wide significance. Stratifying trios into European and Asian ancestry groups revealed differences in statistical significance, although estimated effect sizes remained similar. Replication studies from several populations showed confirming evidence, with families of European ancestry giving stronger evidence for markers in 8q24, whereas Asian families showed stronger evidence for association with MAFB and ABCA4. Expression studies support a role for MAFB in palatal development.
Article: A genome-wide association study identifies a locus for nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate on 8q24.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To identify, in a non-hypothesis manner, novel genetic factors associated with nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (NSCL/P). We performed a genome-wide association study in a pediatric cohort of European decent consisting of 111 NSCL/P cases and 5951 control subjects. All subjects were consecutively recruited from the Greater Philadelphia area from 2006 to 2009. High throughput genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphism genotyping was carried out with the Illumina Infinium II HumanHap550 BeadChip technology. We observed association at the genome-wide significance level with SNP rs987525 at a locus on 8q24, which harbors no characterized genes to date (P = 9.18 x 10(-8); odds ratio = 2.09, 95% confidence interval = 1.59 to 2.76). While searching for a replication cohort, the same genetic determinant was established through a genome-wide association study of NSCL/P in Germany, so this previous report acts as a de novo replication for our independent observation outlined here. These results strongly suggest that a locus on 8q24 is involved in the pathogenesis of NSCL/P.The Journal of pediatrics 09/2009; 155(6):909-13. · 4.02 Impact Factor
Article: Interferon regulatory factor 6 (IRF6) is associated with oral-facial cleft in individuals that originate in South America.American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A 10/2007; 143A(17):2075-8. · 2.39 Impact Factor
Article: Key susceptibility locus for nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate on chromosome 8q24.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We conducted a genome-wide association study involving 224 cases and 383 controls of Central European origin to identify susceptibility loci for nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (NSCL/P). A 640-kb region at chromosome 8q24.21 was found to contain multiple markers with highly significant evidence for association with the cleft phenotype, including three markers that reached genome-wide significance. The 640-kb cleft-associated region was saturated with 146 SNP markers and then analyzed in our entire NSCL/P sample of 462 unrelated cases and 954 controls. In the entire sample, the most significant SNP (rs987525) had a P value of 3.34 x 10(-24). The odds ratio was 2.57 (95% CI = 2.02-3.26) for the heterozygous genotype and 6.05 (95% CI = 3.88-9.43) for the homozygous genotype. The calculated population attributable risk for this marker is 0.41, suggesting that this study has identified a major susceptibility locus for NSCL/P.Nature Genetics 05/2009; 41(4):473-7. · 35.53 Impact Factor