Article

Conformational sampling of aminoacyl-tRNA during selection on the bacterial ribosome.

Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Weill Cornell Medical College of Cornell University, 1300 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065, USA.
Journal of Molecular Biology (Impact Factor: 3.91). 04/2010; 399(4):576-95. DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2010.04.038
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Aminoacyl-tRNA (aa-tRNA), in a ternary complex with elongation factor-Tu and GTP, enters the aminoacyl (A) site of the ribosome via a multi-step, mRNA codon-dependent mechanism. This process gives rise to the preferential selection of cognate aa-tRNAs for each mRNA codon and, consequently, the fidelity of gene expression. The ribosome actively facilitates this process by recognizing structural features of the correct substrate, initiated in its decoding site, to accelerate the rates of elongation factor-Tu-catalyzed GTP hydrolysis and ribosome-catalyzed peptide bond formation. Here, the order and timing of conformational events underpinning the aa-tRNA selection process were investigated from multiple structural perspectives using single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer. The time resolution of these measurements was extended to 2.5 and 10 ms, a 10- to 50-fold improvement over previous studies. The data obtained reveal that aa-tRNA undergoes fast conformational sampling within the A site, both before and after GTP hydrolysis. This suggests that the alignment of aa-tRNA with respect to structural elements required for irreversible GTP hydrolysis and peptide bond formation plays a key role in the fidelity mechanism. These observations provide direct evidence that the selection process is governed by motions of aa-tRNA within the A site, adding new insights into the physical framework that helps explain how the rates of GTP hydrolysis and peptide bond formation are controlled by the mRNA codon and other fidelity determinants within the system.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
107 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The universally conserved translation elongation factor EF-Tu delivers aminoacyl(aa)-tRNA in the form of an aa-tRNA·EF-Tu·GTP ternary complex (TC) to the ribosome where it binds to the cognate mRNA codon within the ribosomal A-site, leading to formation of a pretranslocation (PRE) complex. Here we describe preparation of QSY9 and Cy5 derivatives of the variant E348C-EF-Tu that are functional in translation elongation. Together with fluorophore derivatives of aa-tRNA and of ribosomal protein L11, located within the GTPase associated center (GAC), these labeled EF-Tus allow development of two new FRET assays that permit the dynamics of distance changes between EF-Tu and both L11 (Tu-L11 assay) and aa-tRNA (Tu-tRNA assay) to be determined during the decoding process. We use these assays to examine: i) the relative rates of EF-Tu movement away from the GAC and from aa-tRNA during decoding, ii) the effects of the misreading-inducing antibiotics streptomycin and paromomycin on tRNA selection at the A-site and iii) how strengthening the binding of aa-tRNA to EF-Tu affects the rate of EF-Tu movement away from L11 on the ribosome. These FRET assays have the potential to be adapted for high throughput screening of ribosomal antibiotics.
    ACS Chemical Biology 08/2014; · 5.44 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Journal of Molecular Biology. 01/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The selectivity with which a biomolecule can bind its cognate ligand when confronted by the vast array of structurally similar, competing ligands that are present in the cell underlies the fidelity of some of the most fundamental processes in biology. Because they collectively comprise one of only a few methods that can sensitively detect the 'encounter' complexes and subsequent intermediate states that regulate the selectivity of ligand binding, single-molecule fluorescence, and particularly single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer (smFRET), approaches have revolutionized studies of ligand-binding reactions. Here, we describe a widely used smFRET strategy that enables investigations of a large variety of ligand-binding reactions, and discuss two such reactions, aminoacyl-tRNA selection during translation elongation and splice site selection during spliceosome assembly, that highlight both the successes and challenges of smFRET studies of ligand-binding reactions. We conclude by reviewing a number of emerging experimental and computational approaches that are expanding the capabilities of smFRET approaches for studies of ligand-binding reactions and that promise to reveal the mechanisms that control the selectivity of ligand binding with unprecedented resolution.
    FEBS letters. 07/2014;

Full-text

Download
0 Downloads
Available from