Adult Celiac Disease and Its Malignant Complications

Department of Medicine (Gastroenterology), University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
Gut and liver (Impact Factor: 1.81). 12/2009; 3(4):237-46. DOI: 10.5009/gnl.2009.3.4.237
Source: PubMed


Adult celiac disease is a chronic intestinal disorder that has been estimated to affect up to 1-2% of the population in some nations. Awareness of the disease has increased, but still it remains markedly underdiagnosed. Celiac disease is a pathologically defined condition with several characteristic clinical scenarios that should lead the clinician to suspect its presence. Critical to diagnosis is a documented responsiveness to a gluten-free diet. After diagnosis and treatment, symptoms and biopsy-proven changes may recur and appear refractory to a gluten-free diet. Recurrent symptoms are most often due to poor diet compliance, a ubiquitous and unrecognized gluten source, an initially incorrect diagnosis, or an associated disease or complication of celiac disease. Some patients with persistent symptoms and biopsy-proven changes may not have celiac disease at all, instead suffering from a sprue-like intestinal disease, so-called unclassified sprue, which is a specific entity that does not appear to respond to a gluten-free diet. Some of these patients eventually prove to have an underlying malignant cause, particularly lymphoma. The risk of developing lymphoma and other malignancies is increased in celiac disease, especially if initially diagnosed in the elderly, or late in the clinical course of the disease. However, recent studies suggest that the risk of gastric and colon cancer is low. This has led to the hypothesis that untreated celiac disease may be protective, possibly due to impaired absorption and more rapid excretion of fat or fat-soluble agents, including hydrocarbons and other putative cocarcinogens, which are implicated in the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer.

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    • "Although also taken together, these data are insufficient to conclude that gluten withdrawal might prevent the in vivo proliferation of normal enterocytes, an early step of the neoplastic cell transformation, this aspect might deserve consideration in further studies. In this context , some confounding factors should be taken in account; celiac patients compliant to a strict GFD are more prone to follow a healthy diet, containing fruits and vegetables [17]. In this regard, it is noteworthy that treated celiac patients are also at low risk of developing breast cancer, which shares with colon cancer some unhealthy dietary habits as causative factor [18] [19]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Celiac disease (CD) has strongly been established as associated with some site-specific gastrointestinal malignancies. On the contrary, according to the few reports available, the risk of colon carcinoma in CD patients has been described similar to that of general population. In this cohort study, we describe the risk of colon carcinoma in a group of Italian celiac patients. Materials and methods: The study population included all CD patients diagnosed at the Collaborating Centers of the Italian Registry of CD between 1st January 1982 and 31st December 2006. Upon diagnosis of CD and upon at every subsequent clinical control, the Collaborating Centers filled in a validated form for each CD patient reporting information about demographic data, possible occurrence of a neoplasm and adherence to a gluten-free diet. Results: Out of 1757 celiac patients enrolled, 6 developed a colon carcinoma during the follow-up period (mean: 18.1 years). The standardized incidence ratio (SIR) resulted 0.29 (95% CI=0.07-0.45). Stratifying the risk for the dietary gluten intake, the SIR dropped to 0.07 (95% CI=0.009-0.27) for CD patients with a strict adherence to a gluten-free diet. Conclusion: We confirm the previous finding that there is low risk to develop a colon cancer in celiac patients.
    Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 05/2014; 49(5). DOI:10.3109/00365521.2014.893012 · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Celiac disease is a gluten-related malabsorption in small intestine occurring in genetically susceptible patients. In this disease the risk of many malignancies is increased the most important of which being non-Hodgkin lymphoma of small intestine. Other malignancies include adenocarcinoma of small intestine and squamous cell carcinoma of esophagus and melanoma. As to our knowledge so far only one case of celiac disease associated with hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma has been reported. In this article we presented a patient suffering from celiac disease with squamous cell carcinoma of hypopharynx. She underwent chemotherapy and radiation therapy, unfortunately however she died because of progress of disease. So, in patients with celiac disease we should pay attention to various malignancies and when cases of cancers are accompanied by malabsorption we must think of celiac disease involvement.
    The Chinese-German Journal of Clinical Oncology 06/2012; 11(6). DOI:10.1007/s10330-011-0953-x
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the prevalence of celiac disease in a group of Brazilian women with infertility. This was a cross-sectional study of 170 infertile Brazilian women tested for immunoglobulin A anti-tissue transglutaminase (IgA anti-tTG), endomysial antibody and total IgA. Women with positive serologies were recommended for intestinal biopsy. Patients with positive serology and villous atrophy on biopsy had the diagnosis of celiac disease, while those with positive serology but no villous atrophy were identified as having latent celiac disease. All of these women were typed for HLA-DQ2 and HLA-DQ8. The prevalence of celiac disease confirmed by biopsy in the study group was 1.2% (2 out of 170) (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.1-4.2). Considering also those with latent celiac disease, the prevalence was estimated at 2.9% (5 out of 170) (95% CI, 1.0-6.7) and in the subgroup of unexplained infertility the prevalence was 10.3% (3 out of 29) (95% CI, 2.2-27.4). All seropositive patients were also HLA-DQ2 positive. Further studies are required to define the role of routine serological screening for celiac disease in infertile women as well as to elucidate the underlying mechanism for infertility in active celiac disease.
    The Journal of reproductive medicine 02/2013; 58(1-2):61-6. · 0.70 Impact Factor
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