Living donor liver transplantation in Budd-Chiari syndrome: a single-center experience.
ABSTRACT Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS), which is characterized by hepatic venous outflow obstruction due to occlusion of the major hepatic vein and/or the inferior vena cava (IVC), is rare. Traditionally, a caval resection is advocated for these patients; however, such a maneuver renders living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) impossible. We encountered BCS in 4/377 LDLT patients during a 5-year period (January 2003 to December 2007). This report examine the various surgical modifications in these 4 patients, who underwent to LDLT for BCS. Resection of right hepatic vein (RHV) with an adjacent fibrotic part of the IVC with direct anastomosis of the graft RHV to the IVC was performed in 2 patients. One patient underwent retrohepatic IVC excision and reconstruction with a cryopreserved autologous IVC graft. The fourth patient, with a preexisting mesoatrial shunt for BCS, underwent conversion of this to a RHV atrial shunt. Graft and patient survivals were 100%. There were few complications in either donors or recipients. LDLT for BCS can be performed safely with adequate venous drainage techniques and with anticoagulant therapy and good follow-up for early diagnosis and treatment of recurrence leading to excellent long-term results.
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ABSTRACT: Reports of early success with cryopreserved saphenous veins (CSV) as arterial conduits led us to develop cryopreserved iliac veins (CIV) as interposition grafts for portal vein reconstruction in living-related liver transplantation (LRLT) (4). Despite encouraging short-term results, retrospective analysis of long-term cryopreserved vein graft performance in LRLT at our institution has revealed a high rate of late graft failure. Between July 1992 and July 1994, interposition grafts (CIV for portal vein interposition n=4, CSV for portal vein interposition n=3, and CSV for hepatic artery interposition n=2) were utilized in 7 LRLT. (Two transplanted organs had both CIV and CSV grafts.) Recipients included 5 children and two small adults (median: 3.5 years, range: 0.5-59 years). Post-transplant follow-up in excess of 36 months revealed portal vein (PV) and hepatic artery (HA) complications of cryopreserved grafts in each patient. PV complications included aneurysm (n=4) diagnosed at 28, 24, 18, and 1.5 mo, stricture (n=1) diagnosed at 11 mo, and thrombosis (n=1) diagnosed at 18 mo posttransplant. All portal vein complications have been managed without retransplantation, but one (PV thrombosis) necessitated surgical shunt therapy. Each CSV hepatic artery interposition graft has been complicated by thrombosis (diagnosed at 11 days and 24 mo posttransplant) necessitating retransplantation. Based upon these observations, we have adopted alternative strategies for HA and PV reconstruction. At present, 11 LRLT have been performed without cryopreserved vein conduits over 17 mo with no vascular complications. While this study does not permit statistical analysis, these results discourage the use of cryopreserved iliac veins for portal interposition and cryopreserved saphenous veins for arterial interposition in liver transplantation.Transplantation 09/1996; 62(6):742-747. · 3.78 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) is a rare disorder that is characterized by hepatic venous outflow obstruction. The aim of this study was to assess determinants of survival and to evaluate the effect of portosystemic shunting. In this international multicenter study, 237 patients with BCS, diagnosed between 1984 and 2001, were investigated. Univariate, multivariate, and time-dependent Cox regression analyses were performed. Overall survival at 1, 5, and 10 years was 82% (95% CI, 77%-87%), 69% (95% CI, 62%-76%), and 62% (95% CI, 54%-70%), respectively. Encephalopathy, ascites, prothrombin time, and bilirubin were independent determinants of survival. A prognostic classification combining these factors could identify three classes of patients (classes I-III). The 5-year survival rate was 89% (95% CI, 79%-99%) for class I, 74% (95% CI, 65%-83%) for class II, and 42% (95% CI, 28%-56%) for class III. Anticoagulants were administered to 72%; only for patients in class I was this associated with a trend toward improved survival (relative risk [RR], 0.14; 95% CI, 0.02-1.21). Portosystemic shunting was performed in 49% of the patients (n = 117); only for patients in class II, time-dependent analyses suggested an improved survival (RR, 0.63; 95% CI, 0.26-1.49). In conclusion, at the time of diagnosis, patients with BCS can be classified into good (I), intermediate (II), and poor (III) prognostic classes, according to simple baseline clinical and laboratory parameters. Our results suggest an improved survival after surgical portosystemic shunting for patients with an intermediate prognosis (class II).Hepatology 03/2004; 39(2):500-8. · 12.00 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Biliary complications after living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) continue to be problematic. For reducing the biliary complications, the authors applied an intrahepatic Glissonian approach to the recipient hepatectomy. We called this Glissonian dissection technique at the high hilar level high hilar dissection (HHD). In this study, we introduced this HHD technique and evaluated its outcome in 31 recipients of a living donor liver transplant (LDLT). With total occlusion of hepatoduodenal ligament Glissonia pedicles were divided at the intrahepatic level at the third level of pedicles or beyond. After portal vein and hepatic artery were isolated from the hepatoduodenal ligament, unused bile ducts and bleeding were controlled with continuous suture of the hilar plate. Single duct anastomosis was performed in about 21 and dual duct anastomosis in 10 recipients. Bile leakage of the biliary anastomosis did not occur. There were 6 biliary complications in five patients; 2 bile leaks from the cut liver surface and 4 biliary strictures of which one of unknown etiology. In none of the patients with biliary complications, conversion to a hepaticojejunostomy was necessary. This new HHD technique during recipient hepatectomy may contribute to reduce the biliary complications in duct-to-duct anastomosis by allowing a tension free anastomosis and preserving adequate blood supply to the bile duct. Moreover, it facilitates multiple ductal anastomoses without difficult surgical manipulation.Liver Transplantation 10/2004; 10(9):1158-62. · 3.94 Impact Factor