BDNF mediated TrkB activation is a survival signal for transitional cell carcinoma cells
ABSTRACT Pathologically, >90% of bladder cancer is transitional cell carcinoma (TCC). Previously, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) but not tropomyosin-related kinase B (TrkB) was found in normal urothelium. TrkB activation by BDNF has been shown to promote the progression of several cancers, however, the existence and functional roles of both BDNF and TrkB in TCC have not been elucidated. In this study, three human TCC cell lines, BFTC905, TSGH8301, and T24 were used for the investigation. Both BDNF and TrkB but not TrkA or TrkC identified by RT-PCR and Western blotting were found in these cell lines. Immunostaining demonstrated the cytosolic expression of BDNF and TrkB, as well as membranous expression of TrkB in these cells. BDNF released from three cell lines was also detected in culture medium by ELISA. The proliferation of BFTC905 cells was enhanced by recombinant human BDNF (rhBDNF) in vitro, which was associated with increased phospho-TrkB and phospho-ERK levels. In contrast, TrkB-Fc chimeric protein served as BDNF scavenger eliciting cytotoxicity. Addition of rhBDNF in these cell lines cultured in poly-HEMA [Poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate)] coated dishes for 48 h did not confer resistance to anoikis. Increased phospho-Akt expression was observed transiently within an hour after rhBDNF administration but disappeared 24 h later. Weekly injections of 100 ng rhBDNF into the cancer cell-loading site for 6 weeks promoted BFTC905 xenograft growth in SCID mice. Daily injection of 5 microg TrkB-Fc chimeric protein into the tumor 2 weeks after tumor cell implantation delayed tumor growth concomitant with phospho-TrkB suppression in xenografts. These results indicate that BDNF binding to TrkB receptor is a survival signal for TCC cells. Drugs that block BDNF or TrkB may provide a new and potential approach for TCC therapy.
SourceAvailable from: Joanna Miłoszewska[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Ability of a cell to survive without adhesion, and to overcome anoikis, is indispensable for malignant cell invasion and metastasis formation. It has previously been shown that TrkB -neutrophin growth factor receptor might be involved in suppression of apoptosis, induced by the lack of adhesion. The aim of our study was to analyse changes in expression of genes and proteins as well as in biological properties of cancer cells cultured without adhesion. A mouse sarcoma, stable, adherent L1 cell line, derived from a spontaneously arisen Balb/c mouse lung tumour, was established in vitro. L1 cells resistant to anoikis were established by culture of L1 cells without adhesion, followed by selection of clones with elevated expression levels of TrkB protein. Biological characteristics of the cells were studied by migration/invasion tests and colony forming assay. Gene expression analysis was performed by with the aid of cDNA Gene Expression Array and Real-Time PCR. In vivo experiments were conducted in syngeneic Balb/c mice. Significant changes in gene expression, including higher expression level of TrkB, were found in cells that were able to survive without adhesion. Selected TrkB-expressing clones were found to have higher clonogenicity and invasive potential, formed more colonies in mouse lungs, and induced larger tumours, when injected subcutaneously into Balb/c mice. Lack of adhesion induced significant changes in the cancer cells' behaviour, which may result from alterations in gene and protein expression levels, including changes in anoikis-connected protein - TrkB.Cell Proliferation 04/2013; 46(2):146-52. DOI:10.1111/cpr.12015 · 3.28 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: It is well established that BDNF may enhance oligodendrocyte differentiation following a demyelinating lesion, however, the endogenous sources of BDNF that may be harnessed to reverse deficits associated with such lesions are poorly defined. Here, we investigate roles of astrocytes in synthesizing and releasing BDNF. These cells are known to express BDNF following injury in vivo. In culture, they increase BDNF synthesis and release in response to glutamate metabotropic stimulation. Following cuprizone-elicited demyelination in mice, astrocytes contain BDNF and increase levels of metabotropic receptors. The metabotropic agonist, trans-(1S,3R)-1-amino-1,3-cyclopentanedicarboxylic acid (ACPD), was therefore injected into the demyelinating lesion. Increases in BDNF, as well as myelin proteins, were observed. Effects of ACPD were eliminated by coinjection of trkB-Fc to locally deplete BDNF and by deletion of astrocyte-derived BDNF. The data indicate that astrocyte-derived BDNF may be a source of trophic support that can be used to reverse deficits elicited following demyelination.The Journal of Neuroscience : The Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 06/2014; 34(24):8186-96. DOI:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4267-13.2014 · 6.75 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been observed to be elevated in solid tumors including colorectal cancer. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of modulation of BDNF at the transcription level on the cellular function of colorectal cells and to increase our understanding of its biological role in human colon cancer. An investigation of a cohort of human colorectal tissues (tumor n=66; normal n=88) using quantitative PCR and immunohistochemistry demonstrated that BDNF is aberrantly expressed in human colon cancer and a significantly raised level of BDNF is associated with its stage at diagnosis. The expression profile of BDNF in human colon cancer cell lines was evaluated using RT-PCR. A set of anti-BDNF ribozymes were used to transfect colon cancer cells in order to generate BDNF knockdown cells to evaluate the effect on growth and apoptosis. BDNF gene transcripts were successfully detected in the colon cancer cell lines, Caco-2 and HRT18. BDNF knockdown in Caco-2 and HRT18 cell lines resulted in decreased rates of growth and proliferation. Analysis of apoptosis showed that cell apoptosis was increased. It is concluded that BDNF, a neurotrophic growth factor aberrantly expressed in cancers such as colon cancer, has a profound impact on the cellular behavior of colon cancer cells and that BDNF is associated with a reduction in the apoptosis of colon cancer. BDNF is therefore a potential therapeutic target in colon cancer and its effect in human colon cancer requires further investigation.Experimental and therapeutic medicine 12/2013; 6(6):1475-1481. DOI:10.3892/etm.2013.1330 · 0.94 Impact Factor