Improved cognitive-cerebral function in older adults with chromium supplementation

Department of Psychiatry, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, PO Box 670559, Cincinnati, Ohio 45267-0559, USA.
Nutritional Neuroscience (Impact Factor: 2.27). 06/2010; 13(3):116-22. DOI: 10.1179/147683010X12611460764084
Source: PubMed


Insulin resistance is implicated in the pathophysiological changes associated with Alzheimer's disease, and pharmaceutical treatments that overcome insulin resistance improve memory function in subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and early Alzheimer's disease. Chromium (Cr) supplementation improves glucose disposal in patients with insulin resistance and diabetes. We sought to assess whether supplementation with Cr might improve memory and neural function in older adults with cognitive decline. In a placebo-controlled, double-blind trial, we randomly assigned 26 older adults to receive either chromium picolinate (CrPic) or placebo for 12 weeks. Memory and depression were assessed prior to treatment initiation and during the final week of treatment. We also performed functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scans on a subset of subjects. Although learning rate and retention were not enhanced by CrPic supplementation, we observed reduced semantic interference on learning, recall, and recognition memory tasks. In addition, fMRI indicated comparatively increased activation for the CrPic subjects in right thalamic, right temporal, right posterior parietal, and bifrontal regions. These findings suggest that supplementation with CrPic can enhance cognitive inhibitory control and cerebral function in older adults at risk for neurodegeneration.

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    • "Of particular interest, procyanidins as well as resveratrol are considered to be one of the bioactive components of the red wine responsible for the cardioprotective effects, known as " French Paradox " (Nishizuka et al., 2011). If this is the case, these protective effects conferred by polyphenols of red wine might be related to the prevention of age-related cognitive deficits, since it is well recognized that populations which consume anthocyanins enriched fruits have health benefits including improvement in cognition and neuronal function with aging (Krikorian et al., 2010a, 2012). Furthermore, shock motivated learning tests, particularly in those that investigate the effect of drugs given before the acquisition test, is whether pharmacological treatments affect locomotor activities or motivational aspects of learning, such as shock sensitivity . "
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    International journal of developmental neuroscience: the official journal of the International Society for Developmental Neuroscience 12/2013; 33(1). DOI:10.1016/j.ijdevneu.2013.12.006 · 2.58 Impact Factor
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    • "In some studies, chromium supplementation has been found to improve glucose regulation [20] and attenuate weight gain [21] [22]; to improve appetite and mood dysregulation in depressed patients [23] [24] [25] [26]; to reduce food intake, hunger, and fat cravings in overweight women who crave carbohydrates [27], and to improve cognitive inhibition in adults with mild cognitive impairment.[28] Food cravings [29] [30] [31] [32] and negative affect [33] [34] have been identified as instrumental triggers for binge eating, and high disinhibition is common among individuals who binge eat [35] [36] and is associated with poor treatment outcome.[37] "
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