Value of Pancreatic Resection for Cancer Metastatic to the Pancreas
ABSTRACT Cancer metastatic to the pancreas from other primary sites is uncommon, and it has been treated with an aggressive surgical approach in fit patients when the primary tumor is controlled and the pancreas is the only site of metastatic disease. The value of pancreatic resection in this setting is unclear. The purpose of this study was to review cases of cancer metastatic to the pancreas.
We reviewed our experience with cancer metastatic to the pancreas and the literature regarding resection of pancreatic metastases. Patient and tumor characteristics were summarized using descriptive statistics.
A total of 220 patients with pancreatic metastasis were analyzed. Three patients were selected from our own experience, and 217 were selected from a literature review. In the 127 patients whose symptoms were recorded at the time of presentation, the most common presenting symptoms were jaundice (n = 32, 25.2%) and abdominal pain (n = 25, 19.7%). In the 189 patients for whom the location of the metastasis in the pancreas was revealed, the most common location was the head of the pancreas (n = 79, 41.8%). The primary tumor site was most commonly kidney (n = 155, 70.5%). Surgical resection was attempted in 177 of 220 patients; 135 patients suffering from RCC metastasis also underwent pancreatic resection. In the latter group, a median survival of 70 months was seen, as well as 78% and 65% 2- and 5-year survival rates, respectively. Conclusion: Survival after resection of RCC with isolated metastasis to the pancreas is favorable. However, a more detailed analysis considering outcomes without surgery for each primary tumor site is needed before the value of this aggressive surgical approach can be completely assessed in the general occurrence of pancreatic metastasis.
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ABSTRACT: In situ forming implants (ISFI) have shown promise in delivering adjuvant chemotherapy following minimally invasive cancer therapies such as thermal ablation of tumors. Although ISFI systems have been thoroughly investigated for delivery of high molecular weight (Mw) therapeutics, little research has been conducted to optimize their design for delivery of low Mw drugs. This study examined the effect of varying the formulation components on the low Mw drug release profile from a ISFI consisting of poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA), fluorescein (model drug), and excipient dissolved in 1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone (NMP). Effects of varying PLGA Mw, excipient concentration, and drug loading were studied. Additionally, solubility studies were conducted to determine the critical water concentration required for phase inversion. Results demonstrated that PLGA Mw was the most significant factor in modulating low Mw drug release from the ISFI systems. ISFI formulations comprised of a low Mw (16 kDa) PLGA showed a significantly (p < 0.05) lower burst release (after 24 h), 28.2 +/- 0.5%, compared with higher Mw PLGA (60 kDa), 55.1 +/- 3.1%. Critical water concentration studies also demonstrated that formulations with lower Mw PLGA had increased solubility in water and may thus require more time to phase invert and release the drug.Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A 01/2010; 94(2):476-84. DOI:10.1002/jbm.a.32724 · 2.83 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Pancreatic resection for a metastatic colon, lung cancer or an osteosarcoma has rarely been reported in the literature and there is controversy regarding recurrence and the overall survival of these patients. We herein evaluate the outcome of three patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy for the aforementioned metastatic tumors to the pancreas. Clinical presentation included pyloric stenosis and acute gastrointestinal bleeding. One patient was asymptomatic and was diagnosed during follow-up for colon cancer. All the pancreatic lesions were located in the head of the pancreas, and the intervals between the diagnosis of the primary cancer and the pancreatic metastases were 6, 14 and 24 months. During exploration of the abdomen, additional metastatic lesions in the small intestine and liver were detected and resected in two patients. One patient died one month after surgery from massive gastrointestinal bleeding. The other two patients experienced relief from their symptoms but died from generalized carcinomatosis 16 and 27 months after pancreaticoduodenectomy. Pancreatic resection for metastatic disease may be suggested for selected patients, even those with limited extrapancreatic disease. In this setting, it may offer good palliation and may prolong survival. In cases of acute duodenal bleeding resistant to conservative measures, pancreaticoduodenectomy may represent the only alternative for survival; however, significant morbidity and mortality should be expected.JOP: Journal of the pancreas 01/2010; 11(6):593-6.
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ABSTRACT: Isolated metastatic melanoma of the pancreas is very rare. Currently, there is very limited experience with surgical resection of pancreatic metastasis. The potential benefit of metastasectomy can improve the quality of life and survival time of patients. We present a case of a 39-year-old Chinese male with a solitary pancreatic tumor which was considered a cystic benign lesion for years. Pathology and immunohistochemistry showed that the tumor in pancreatic tail was a metastasis from a malignant melanoma of the eyeball. No other metastastic foci were found in abdomen. The tumor was completely resected with combined distal pancreatectomy and splenectomy. The patient has survived 25 mo without any signs of local recurrence or other metastatic lesions after operation, indicating that complete surgical resection of a solitary metastatic melanoma of the pancreas can prolong the survival time of patients.World Journal of Gastroenterology 09/2010; 16(36):4621-4. · 2.43 Impact Factor