Pathway discovery in mantle cell lymphoma by integrated analysis of high-resolution gene expression and copy number profiling
ABSTRACT The genome of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is, in addition to the translocation t(11;14), characterized by a high number of secondary chromosomal gains and losses that probably account for the various survival times of MCL patients. We investigated 77 primary MCL tumors with available clinical information using high-resolution RNA expression and genomic profiling and applied our recently developed gene expression and dosage integrator algorithm to identify novel genes and pathways that may be of relevance for the pathobiology of MCL. We show that copy number neutral loss of heterozygosity is common in MCL and targets regions that are frequently affected by deletions. The molecular consequences of genomic copy number changes appear complex, even in genomic loci with identified tumor suppressors, such as the region 9p21 containing the CDKN2A locus. Moreover, the deregulation of novel genes, such as CUL4A, ING1, and MCPH1, may affect the 2 crucial pathogenetic mechanisms in MCL, the disturbance of the proliferation, and DNA damage response pathways. Deregulation of the Hippo pathway may have a pathogenetic role in MCL because decreased expression of its members MOBKL2A, MOBKL2B, and LATS2 was associated with inferior outcome, including an independent validation series of 32 MCLs.
- SourceAvailable from: Fabrice Jardin[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is usually an aggressive disease. However, a few patients do have an "indolent" evolution (iMCL) defined by a long survival time without intensive therapy. Many studies highlight the prognostic role of additional genetic abnormalities, but these abnormalities are not routinely tested for and do not yet influence the treatment decision. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic impact of these additional abnormalities detected by conventional cytogenetic testing, as well as their relationships with the clinical characteristics and their value in identifying iMCL. All consecutive MCL cases diagnosed between 1995 and 2011 at four institutions were retrospectively selected on the basis of an informative karyotype with a t(11;14) translocation at the time of diagnosis. A total of 125 patients were included and followed for an actual median time of 35 months. The median overall survival (OS) and survival without treatment (TFS) were 73.7 and 1.3 months, respectively. In multivariable Cox models, a high mantle cell lymphoma international prognostic index score, a complex karyotype, and blastoid morphology were independently associated with a shortened OS. Spleen enlargement, nodal presentation, extra-hematological involvement, and complex karyotypes were associated with shorter TFS. A score based on these factors allowed for the identification of "indolent" patients (median TFS 107 months) from other patients (median TFS: 1 month). In conclusion, in this multicentric cohort of MCL patients, a complex karyotype was associated with a shorter survival time and allowed for the identification of iMCL at the time of diagnosis. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.Genes Chromosomes and Cancer 01/2014; 53(1):106-16. DOI:10.1002/gcc.22123 · 3.84 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The integration of molecular and clinical information to tailor treatments remains an important research challenge in chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL). This study aimed to identify genomic lesions associated with a poor outcome and a higher risk of histological transformation. A mono-institutional cohort of 147 cases was used as the test series, and a multi-institutional cohort of 176 cases as a validation series. Genomic profiles were obtained using Affymetrix SNP 6.0. The impact of the recurrent minimal common regions (MCRs) on overall survival was evaluated by univariate analysis followed by multiple-test correction. The independent prognostic significance was assessed by multivariate analysis. Eight MCRs showed a prognostic impact: gains at 2p25.3-p22.3 (MYCN), 2p22.3, 2p16.2-p14 (REL), 8q23.3-q24.3 (MYC), losses at 8p23.1-p21.2, 8p21.2, and of the TP53 locus. Gains at 2p and 8q and TP53 inactivation maintained prognostic significance in multivariate analysis and a hierarchical model confirmed their relevance. Gains at 2p also determined a higher risk of Richter syndrome transformation. The prediction of outcome for CLL patients might be improved by evaluating the presence of gains at 2p and 8q as novel genomic regions besides those included in the 'standard' fluorescence in situ hybridization panel.British Journal of Haematology 09/2011; 154(5):590-9. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2141.2011.08789.x · 4.96 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is characterized by the t(11;14)(q13;q32) and numerous copy number aberrations (CNAs). Recently, gene expression profiling defined a proliferation gene expression signature in MCL where high scores predict shorter survival. We investigated 31 MCL cases using high-density single nucleotide polymorphism arrays and correlated CNA patterns with the proliferation signature and with clinical data. Many recurrent CNAs typical of MCL were detected, including losses at 1p (55%), 8p (29%), 9q (29%), 11q (55%), 13q (42%) and 17p (32%), and gains at 3q (39%), 8q (26%), 15q (23%) and 18q (23%). A novel deleted region at 20q (16%) contained only one candidate gene, ZFP64, a putative tumor suppressor. Unsupervised clustering identified subgroups with different patterns of CNAs, including a subset (19%) characterized by the presence of 11q loss in all cases and by the absence of 13q loss, and 3q and 7p gains. Losses at 1p, 8p, 13q and 17p were associated with increased genomic complexity. High proliferation signature scores correlated with increased number of large (>15 Mbp) CNAs (P = 0.03) as well as copy number gains at 7p (P = 0.02) and losses at 9q (P = 0.04). Furthermore, large/complex 13q losses were associated with improved survival (P < 0.05) as were losses/copy number neutral LOH at 19p13 (P = 0.01). In summary, this high-resolution genomic analysis identified novel aberrations and revealed that several CNAs correlated with genomic complexity, the proliferation status and survival.Genes Chromosomes and Cancer 02/2011; 50(2):113-21. DOI:10.1002/gcc.20836 · 3.84 Impact Factor