Genetic evidence for the involvement of lipid metabolism in Alzheimer's disease
ABSTRACT Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia in the elderly and presents a great burden to sufferers and to society. The genetics of rare Mendelian forms of AD have been central to our understanding of AD pathogenesis for the past twenty years and now the genetics of the common form of the disease in the elderly is beginning to be unravelled by genome-wide association studies. Four new genes for common AD have been revealed in the past year, CLU, CR1, PICALM and BIN1. Their possible involvement in lipid metabolism and how that relates to AD is discussed here.
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ABSTRACT: Epidemiological studies and basic research suggest a protective effect of long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, antioxidants and B vitamins against brain aging. However, most randomized controlled trial (RCTs) with nutritional supplements have yielded disappointing effects on cognition so far. This paper suggests some original directions for future research to better support a role of nutrition in brain aging. The role of other nutrients such as docosapentaenoic acid and fat-soluble vitamins D and K should be investigated. A more holistic approach of nutrition is necessary, encompassing potential synergies between nutrients as found in a balanced diet. Potential beneficiaries of a nutritional supplementation should be better targeted, according to their dietary, cognitive and maybe genetic characteristics. Innovative RCTs should be implemented to assess the impact of nutrition for the prevention or treatment of cognitive decline in older persons, using intermediate biomarkers of disease progression and mechanisms of action of nutrients as outcomes.European Journal of Clinical Nutrition advance online publication, 27 August 2014; doi:10.1038/ejcn.2014.177.European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 08/2014; 68(11). DOI:10.1038/ejcn.2014.177 · 2.95 Impact Factor