Genetic Predisposition to Natural Rubber Latex Allergy Differs Between Health Care Workers and High-Risk Patients
ABSTRACT In health care workers, the natural rubber latex (NRL) allergy phenotype has been shown to be associated with promoter polymorphisms in interleukins 13 and 18 (IL13 and IL18) when compared with nonatopic controls. However, it is not known whether high-risk patient populations, such as those born with neural tube defects or genitourinary abnormalities, demonstrate a heightened propensity toward the same genetic/immunologic risk factors that have been reported for health care workers. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that single-nucleotide polymorphisms in genes encoding IL13 and IL18 occur at an increased frequency in NRL allergic patients with spina bifida (SB) or bladder exstrophy (BE).
One hundred twenty subjects (40 SB, 40 BE, and 40 control) were screened using a clinical history questionnaire and NRL-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibody measurements in the blood. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood lymphocytes and analyzed for single-nucleotide polymorphisms in candidate genes of interest. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify significant variables with significance defined as P < 0.05.
Sensitization (IgE antibody positivity) to NRL allergens was associated with atopic history and number of prior operations and was prevented by the avoidance of NRL beginning at birth. However, unlike health care workers, the NRL allergy phenotype was not significantly associated with promoter polymorphisms in IL13 or IL18 when comparing NRL allergic SB and BE patients with nonsensitized patients and with atopic and nonatopic controls.
In patients born with SB or BE, environmental factors seem to play a greater role in the development of NRL sensitization and overt allergic symptoms than the IL polymorphisms in IL13 and IL18 previously shown to be associated with NRL allergy in health care workers.
SourceAvailable from: Jeane Visentainer
Chapter: Natural Rubber Latex AllergyAllergic Diseases - Highlights in the Clinic, Mechanisms and Treatment, 03/2012; , ISBN: 978-953-51-0227-4
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ABSTRACT: The number of patients allergic to latex has increased significantly. It is crucial to recognize the cases in order to prevent and apply adequate treatment. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of allergy to latex in meningomyelocele patients. A retrospective evaluation of medical records of patients with meningomyelocele diagnosis from January 2002 to December 2007 was conducted. Patients were grouped into allergics and non-allergics. The comparison of groups for gender was made by the Chi-Squared test, the Student's t test was used to compare age, and Mann-Whitney test was used to compare groups for clinical manifestations of allergy, number of procedures under anesthesia, hospital admissions and vesical catheterizations. The mean number of procedures under anesthesia was 7 in the group with allergy and 4 in the group without allergy; this difference was statistically significant (p=0.028). The mean number of hospital admissions was 4.5 in the group with allergy and 3.4 in group without allergy and mean vesical catheterization was 24.5 in allergic patients and 21.7 in non allergic ones. Meningomyelocele patients undergoing multiple procedures under anesthesia have high risk of developing clinical signals of allergy to latex. It is necessary that patients with meningomyelocele diagnosis should undergo exclusively latex-free procedures, avoiding high risk of sensitization and its complications. Specific tests to evaluate sensitization, genetic markers and latex-fruit relationship may contribute to a better understanding of risk factors related to allergy to latex and ways to prevent it.Revista brasileira de anestesiologia 01/2012; 62(1):56-62. DOI:10.1016/S0034-7094(12)70103-4 · 0.42 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Allergy to natural rubber latex is a well-recognized health problem, especially among health care workers and patients with spina bifida. Despite latex sensitization being acquired in health institutions in both health care workers and patients with spina bifida, differences in allergen sensitization profiles have been described between these two risk groups. To investigate the in vivo reactivity of health care workers and patients with spina bifida to extracts of internal and external surfaces of latex gloves and also to specific extracts enriched in major allergens for these risk groups. Gloves from different manufacturers were used for protein extraction, and salt precipitation and hydrophobic interaction chromatography (HIC) were applied to obtain the enriched latex extracts. The major latex allergens were quantified by an enzyme immunoassay. The extracts obtained were tested in 14 volunteers using skin prick tests (SPT). Latex glove extracts enriched in the hydrophobic allergens that are most often seen in patients with spina bifida were obtained by selective precipitation, whereas HIC produced extracts enriched in the hydrophilic allergens commonly found in health care workers. The health care workers had positive SPTs to glove extracts from internal surfaces and to the hydrophilic allergen-enriched extracts. By contrast, patients with spina bifida had larger skin reactions both to external glove extracts and to the extracts enriched with the hydrophobic major allergens for this risk group. Despite the protein concentration of these extracts being less than half the concentration of the commercial extract, the weal-and-flare reactions were of similar magnitude. Using novel latex extracts, our study showed a different in vivo reactivity pattern in health care workers and in patients with spina bifida to extracts of the internal and external surfaces of gloves, which suggests that sensitization may occur by different routes of exposure, and that this influences the allergen reactivity profiles of these risk groups.British Journal of Dermatology 10/2011; 166(3):518-24. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2133.2011.10656.x · 4.10 Impact Factor