Postural control differs between those with and without chronic ankle instability

Biodynamics Research Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC 28223,United States.
Gait & posture (Impact Factor: 2.58). 04/2010; 32(1):82-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2010.03.015
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Despite a history of a lateral ankle sprain, some individuals (copers) return to high-level activities (i.e. jumping, pivoting) without recurrent injury or loss of function while others develop chronic ankle instability (CAI). Understanding the differences between these groups may provide insight into the mechanisms of CAI. The objectives of this investigation were to: (1) compare traditional center of pressure [COP], time-to-boundary [TTB], and center of pressure-center of mass [COP-COM] moment arm measures of postural control among controls, established copers, and subjects with CAI and (2) determine the accuracy of these postural control measures at discriminating between established copers and subjects with CAI using receiving operating characteristic curves. 48 subjects (control=16, coper=16, CAI=16) completed two, 30-s trials of single-leg stance on a force plate with their eyes open. Coper and CAI subjects stood on their involved limb while controls stood on a matched limb. The results indicated that mediolateral (p<0.01) and anteroposterior (p<0.01) COP velocity was greater in individuals with CAI relative to both copers and controls. Similarly, the peak COP-COM moment arm in the anteroposterior direction (p<0.01) and the resultant mean COP-COM moment arm (p<0.01) were increased in individuals with CAI relative to copers. These measures also reached asymptotic significance (p<0.05) indicating that they successfully discriminated between established copers and individuals with CAI.

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    ABSTRACT: Lateral ankle sprain (LAS) has often been considered an injury leading to localized joint impairments affecting the musculoskeletal system. Persistent chronic ankle instability and bilateral alterations in motor control after a first ankle sprain episode suggest that the origin of relapses might be a maladaptive reorganization of central motor commands. The objectives of this study were (1) to compare the quality of motor control through motor strategy variables of two groups (with and without LAS) from a military population (n = 10/group), (2) to evaluate the contribution of the lower limbs and the trunk to global body strategy and (3) to identify which global variable best estimates performance on the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) for each group, reaching direction, and lower limb. Personal and clinical characteristics of the participants of both groups were collected. Their functional ability was measured using questionnaires and they performed a series of functional tests including the SEBT. During this test, the maximal reach distance (MRD) and biomechanical data were collected to characterize whole body and segmental strategies using a 3D motion capture system. At maximal lower limb reach, participants with LAS had a smaller variation in their vertical velocity in lowering-straightening and lowered the body centre of mass less for all injured limb conditions and some conditions with the uninjured lower limb. The global body centre of mass variables were significantly correlated to SEBT performance (MRD). Modifications in global motor strategies were found in participants with LAS as well as a decreased performance on the SEBT for the injured and uninjured lower limbs. These results support the hypothesis that following LAS, there may be a maladaptive reorganization of the central motor commands. Level of evidence: 3b.
    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 12/2014; 15(1):436. DOI:10.1186/1471-2474-15-436 · 1.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Longitudinal analyses of participants with a history of lateral ankle sprain are lacking. This investigation combined measures of inter-joint coordination and stabilometry to evaluate eyes-open (condition 1) and eyes-closed (condition 2) static unilateral stance performance in a group of participants, 6-months after they sustained an acute, first-time lateral ankle sprain in comparison to a control group. Sixty-nine participants with a 6-month history of first-time lateral ankle sprain and 20 non-injured controls completed three 20-second unilateral stance task trials in conditions 1 and 2. An adjusted coefficient of multiple determination statistic was used to compare stance limb 3-dimensional kinematic data for similarity in the aim of establishing patterns of lower-limb inter-joint coordination. The fractal dimension of the stance limb centre of pressure path was also calculated. Between-group analyses revealed significant differences in stance limb inter-joint coordination strategies for conditions 1 and 2, and in the fractal dimension of the centre-of-pressure path for condition 2 only. Injured participants displayed increases in ankle-hip linked coordination compared to controls in condition 1 (sagittal/frontal plane: 0.15 [0.14] vs 0.06 [0.04]; η(2)=.19; sagittal/transverse plane: 0.14 [0.11] vs 0.09 [0.05]; η(2)=0.14) and condition 2 (sagittal/frontal plane: 0.15 [0.12] vs 0.08 [0.06]; η(2)=0.23), with an associated decrease in the fractal dimension of the centre-of-pressure path (injured limb: 1.23 [0.13] vs 1.36 [0.13]; η(2)=0.20). Participants with a 6-month history of first-time lateral ankle sprain exhibit a hip-dominant coordination strategy for static unilateral stance compared to non-injured controls. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Clinical biomechanics (Bristol, Avon) 12/2014; 30(2). DOI:10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2014.12.011 · 1.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sensory information is fundamental to generate an effective motor response.•We observed an altered motor control in basketball players with ankle instability.•Better neuromuscular control is attributed to the development of motor skills.
    Physical Therapy in Sport 11/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.ptsp.2014.10.008 · 1.37 Impact Factor


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Jun 5, 2014