The effect of transportation on the expression of heat shock proteins and meat quality of M. longissimus dorsi in pigs.
ABSTRACT This study investigates the effect of different transport times on meat quality and the correlation between meat quality and Hsp expression in M. longissimus dorsi (LD) of pigs. After transportation for 1h, 2h or 4h, respectively, blood plasma creatine kinase (CK) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) increased. The LD meat from 1h and 2h transported pigs had lower initial and ultimate pH values (pHi and pHu, respectively), higher drip loss and L(∗) values compared to controls, indicating a higher likelihood of pale, soft and exudative (PSE) meat. Meat quality was lower after 2h compared to 1h or 4h of transport. All four Hsps tested (alpha-B-crystalline, Hsp27, Hsp70 and Hsp90) by ELISA in the LD tissue of pigs tended to decrease after transportation. One possible mechanism resulting in poor meat quality in the LD after transport seems to be a decline in Hsp expression.
- Animal Production Science 01/2014; 54(2):194. · 1.03 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The 90 kDa heat shock protein (HSP90) is a molecular chaperone that participates in various cellular processes, the role and significance of HSP90 in postmortem muscle though remains unclear. In the present study, pig Longissimus dorsi muscles, categorized into three pH groups, were tested for HSP90 levels and meat quality parameters (i.e. water holding capacity, colour, tenderness and lipid oxidation). The muscles with a high initial pH (pHi) group (pH > 6.4) possessing the greatest water holding capacity and lightness, contained the highest HSP90 level, followed by intermediate (6.0–6.4) and low pHi groups (pH < 6.0). Statistical analysis indicated HSP90 level was significantly and negatively correlated with cooking loss, drip loss, and lightness (r = −0.797, −0.785, −0.604, respectively, P < 0.01). The results suggest that HSP90 may play a crucial role in water retention of meat and may be involved in postmortem meat quality development.Food Chemistry 12/2014; 165:337–341. · 3.26 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The antioxidant enzyme, copper zinc superoxide dismutase (CuZnSOD) plays an important role in protecting tissues from damage by reactive oxygen species (ROS) reactions. The objective of this investigation was to determine the CuZnSOD mRNA level as an indicator of CuZnSOD activity and the effect it has on meat quality in three important pig breeds in China, the Laiwu Black (LW), Lulai Black (LL) and Large Yorkshire (LY). Thirty six castrated boars (114 kg; LW, n = 12; LL, n = 12 and LY, n = 12) were used in this study. Samples were taken from the longissimus dorsi muscle, backfat and liver. Results showed that there was a significant breed × tissue interaction; and the maximum mRNA level of the CuZnSOD gene was recorded in the LW and the minimum in the LY. The proportion of gene expression was positively correlated with the anti-oxidative capacity in muscle. The expression of the CuZnSOD gene was positively correlated with meat colour and tenderness; and negatively correlated with marbling score, drip loss, cooking loss and intramuscular fat. The higher the level of CuZnSOD mRNA expression, the better was the quality of the pork. This implies that the difference in CuZnSOD mRNA expression in breeds was involved in the mechanisms of meat quality that related to superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and anti-oxidant capacity of the muscle.South African Journal Of Animal Science 12/2009; 40(3):265-272. · 0.35 Impact Factor