An examination of two brief stigma reduction strategies: filmed personal contact and hallucination simulations.
ABSTRACT Mental illness stigma is quite prevalent with dire consequences. A number of interventions to decrease stigma have been formulated, but have variable effectiveness and limited dissemination. This research examined the impact of two brief interventions: a film depicting individuals with schizophrenia (filmed contact) and a simulation of auditory hallucinations. Participants (N = 143) were randomly assigned to one of three interventions: (1) filmed contact, (2) simulation, or (3) no intervention, and completed two stigma measures prior to, immediately after, and 1 week after the intervention. The filmed contact intervention led to decreases in stigma which persisted across 1 week. However, the simulation led to increases in stigma. The results suggest that a filmed contact intervention may decrease two aspects of mental illness stigma (social distance and negative emotions), which has implications for wide dissemination. The efficacy of a hallucination simulations intervention remains dubious.
Conference Paper: VLSI implementation of moment invariants for automated inspection[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The design of a VLSI ASIC (application-specific integrated circuit) for use in automated inspection is described. The inspection scheme uses M.K. Hu's (1962) and S. Maitra's (1979) algorithms for moment invariants. A prototype design that resolved the long delay time of the multiplier by custom designing adder cells based on the Manchester carry chain was generated. The prototype ASIC is currently being fabricated in 2.0-μm CMOS technology and has been simulated at 20 MHz. The final ASICs will be used in parallel at the board level to achieve the 230 MOPS necessary to perform moment-invariant algorithms in real time on 512×512 pixel images with 256 gray scalesSystem Theory, 1990., Twenty-Second Southeastern Symposium on; 04/1990
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ABSTRACT: This study examined the effectiveness of an intervention to reduce explicit and implicit stigma-relevant attitudes toward mental illness and treatment-seeking and behavioural indicators of willingness to seek treatment. Adolescents were randomly assigned to the experimental (education about mental illness and treatment involving psychoeducation and contact (via DVD) with an affected individual) or control intervention (education about tobacco). Findings suggest the stigma intervention was effective at reducing explicit but not implicit stigma-relevant attitudes. As hypothesized, participants receiving the experimental intervention reported less explicit stigma toward treatment and greater openness to personally seek treatment if they had also reported prior mental health treatment. These findings support the potential for a brief educational intervention among adolescents to reduce negative attitudes toward mental health treatment, but raise questions about how to effectively address implicit stigma as well as the importance of translating stigma reduction into behavior changes.01/2011; 1(2):9-21.
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ABSTRACT: To develop and evaluate an intervention for final year medical students to reduce stigma against people with schizophrenia. A total of 87 students participated in a 3-h workshop that included both a contact component (a DVD of a young man with schizophrenia) and an experience of simulated auditory hallucinations. Attitudes to schizophrenia were evaluated using the Attitudes to Mental Illness Questionnaire (AMIQ), completed at the beginning and end of the workshop. There was a significant improvement in mean AMIQ scores after participating in the workshop. Students with more negative attitudes before the workshop showed the most significant improvement, whilst there was little change for students who held more positive attitudes. A workshop combining a DVD narrative by a young person with schizophrenia and simulated auditory hallucinations is an effective teaching tool to improve medical students' attitudes to people with schizophrenia.Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 06/2011; 45(6):473-6. DOI:10.3109/00048674.2011.541419 · 3.77 Impact Factor