Biochemical and enzymatic properties of a fibrinolytic enzyme from Pleurotus eryngii cultivated under solid-state conditions using corn cob.
ABSTRACT Biochemical and enzymatic properties of a fibrinolytic enzyme purified from Pleurotus eryngii cultivated under solid-state conditions using corn cob as energy source were investigated. The molecular mass of the enzyme was estimated to be 14 kDa by SDS-PAGE. The enzyme exhibited the highest activity (28.96 mol/min/mg) for the substrate tosyl-Gly-Pro-Lys-p-nitroanilide. K(m) and V(max) values were 0.18 mM and 53.5 U/ml, respectively. The enzyme was completely inhibited by 1.0 mM phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride (PMSF). The N-terminal sequence was A-M-D-S-Q-T-D-A-S-Y-G-LA-N-D. This sequence exhibited a high degree of similarity to the N-terminal sequences of the subtilisin-like serine proteases. The enzyme was very stable at pH 4.0-6.0 with an optimum pH 5.0 at 40 degrees C. The enzyme rapidly hydrolyzed the A alpha-chain of fibrinogen within 5 min of incubation, followed by the B beta-chain after 10 min. The fibrinolytic enzyme from P. eryngii cultivated under solid-state conditions using corn cob could be potentially exploited in thrombolytic therapy.
Article: Effect of calcinated oyster shell powder on growth, yield, spawn run, and primordial formation of king oyster mushroom (Pleurotus eryngii).[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to evaluate the calcium (Ca) absorption efficacy of king oyster mushroom (Pleurotus eryngii) grown on sawdust medium supplemented with Ca-sources, including oyster shell powder, and to determine the efficacy of oyster shell powder as a calcium supplement on growth, yield, spawn run and primordial formation of P. eryngii. Optimum calcination of oyster shell powder was achieved at the temperature of 620.56 °C. A 1% supplementation of oyster shell powder in sawdust medium did not suppress the mycelial growth of P. eryngii. Also the supplementation of 2% calcinated oyster shell powder to sawdust medium potentially increased the calcium content up to a level of 315.7 ± 15.7 mg/100 g in the fruiting body of P. eryngii, without extension of duration of spawn run and the retardation of the days to primordial formation. These results suggest that the shellfish by-products, including oyster shell powder, can be utilized to develop calcium enriched king oyster mushrooms.Molecules 01/2011; 16(3):2313-22. · 2.39 Impact Factor