Long-term use of entecavir in nucleoside-naïve Japanese patients with chronic hepatitis B infection.
ABSTRACT To evaluate the long-term efficacy of entecavir in nucleoside-naïve chronic hepatitis B patients.
One hundred and sixty-seven patients treated with entecavir 0.01mg, 0.1mg or 0.5mg for 24-52weeks in Phase II studies entered rollover study ETV-060 and received entecavir 0.5mg daily. Responses were evaluated among patients with available samples.
After 96weeks in ETV-060 (120-148weeks total entecavir treatment time), 88% (127/144) of patients had HBV-DNA <400 copies/ml; 90.1% (128/142) had alanine aminotransferase (ALT) 1x the upper limit of normal (ULN) among those with abnormal baseline ALT; and 26% (32/121) achieved HBe seroconversion among those HBeAg(+) at baseline. A subset of 66 patients received entecavir 0.5mg (approved dose) from Phase II baseline: at week 96 in ETV-060, 83% (48/58) had HBV-DNA <400 copies/ml, 88% (52/59) had ALT 1x ULN, and 20% (10/49) achieved HBe seroconversion. Twenty-one out of 66 patients had paired baseline and on-treatment biopsies: 100% (21/21) and 57% (12/21) demonstrated histologic improvement, and improvement in fibrosis, respectively, over 3years. The 3-year cumulative probability of resistance was 3.3% for all patients and 1.7% for the 0.5mg subset.
Long-term entecavir for nucleoside-naïve patients resulted in high rates of virological, biochemical, and histological response, with minimal resistance.
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ABSTRACT: The role of infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes on liver histology is largely unknown. The aim of study was to investigate the relationships between HBV genotypes (B, C), core-promoter (CP) and precore mutants and liver histology in 66 patients. Liver biopsies were scored by histologic activity index (HAI). HBV genotypes were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Eighteen (27.3%) and 48 patients (72.7%) had genotype B (all were subtype Ba) and C, respectively. Forty-seven (71.2%) and 27 (40.9%) had CP and precore mutations, respectively. Patients with genotype C compared with subtype Ba had higher median scores of HAI-necroinflammation (HAI-NI) (7 vs 3), HAI-fibrosis (HAI-F) (1 vs 0) and total HAI (8.5 vs 3) (all P < 0.03). Patients with CP mutations compared with wild-type had higher median scores of HAI-NI (7 vs 3), HAI-F (3 vs 0) and total HAI (9 vs 3) (all P < 0.03). Forty patients (83.5%) with genotype C had CP mutations. Age and alanine aminotransferase levels were positively correlated with HAI scores while albumin levels were negatively correlated (P < 0.01 for all, except albumin levels and HAI-F, P = 0.08). There was no association between precore mutations and HAI scores. Multivariate analysis indicated that higher alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels were associated with higher HAI scores (P < 0.04) and CP mutations were associated with higher HAI-NI (P = 0.034), but not with HAI-F score (P = 0.3). CP mutations were associated with more severe necroinflammation. The association between genotype C and poor histology was probably because of the association between genotype C and CP mutations.Journal of Viral Hepatitis 09/2005; 12(5):513-8. · 3.08 Impact Factor
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- International Hepatology Communications - INT HEPTAOL COMM. 01/1996; 6(2):112-119.