Does religious involvement protect against early drinking? A behavior genetic approach
Department of Psychology, The University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station A8000, Austin, TX 78712, USA. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
(Impact Factor: 6.46).
07/2010; 51(7):763-71. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2010.02247.x
Adolescent involvement in religious organizations has been hypothesized to protect against early age at first drink. However, the correlation between adolescent religiosity and later age at first drink may be confounded by environmental or genetic differences between families. This study tests whether, after controlling for shared environmental and genetic confounds using a behavior genetic design, the association between individual levels of religiosity and earlier age at first drink is still evident.
Twin and sibling pairs were drawn from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, a nationally-representative sample of US adolescents. Age at first drink was measured as how old adolescents were when they first had a drink of beer, wine, or liquor. Religiosity was measured using four items concerning frequency of religious activities and importance of religious beliefs. Using twins and siblings who were discordant for religiosity, analyses tested whether religious adolescents had a later age at first drink than their non-religious co-twins/co-siblings.
Religious adolescents did not differ from their non-religious siblings in their mean age at first drink. Results from survival models indicate that environmental differences between families completely account for the correlation between religiosity and later age at first drink.
Results suggest that individual religious involvement is a proxy variable for family or cultural environments that are salient for when adolescents initiate alcohol use. Future research is needed to identify specific protective environments in religious families. These results have implications for both public policy and etiological theory.
Available from: Michael J Mason
- "Considering the multitude of potential negative consequences of adolescent substance use, researchers remain focused on identifying critical risk and protective factors (Harden, 2010). A growing body of research indicates "
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ABSTRACT: Although some evidence indicates that religiosity may be protective against substance use in the urban youth population, limited research has investigated the effects of multiple dimensions of religiosity on substance use in this population. In this study, a sample of 301 urban adolescents was used (a) to test the effects of three dimensions of religiosity (social religiosity, perceived religious support, and private religiosity) as well as proximity to religious institutions and (b) to determine their correlates with tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana use. It was hypothesized that all three dimensions of religiosity would act as protective factors against all types of substance use and that proximity to religious institutions from adolescents' routine locations would also serve as a protective factor against any type of substance use. Results of logistic regression analysis showed that social religiosity and perceived religious support were protective against marijuana and tobacco use, respectively. Private religiosity was not protective against any type of substance use. Proximity to religious institutions was protective against alcohol use. These findings suggest the importance of examining multiple dimensions of religiosity when investigating substance use in urban youth and offer initial evidence of the importance of proximity to religious institutions as a protective factor against substance use.
The Journal of Prevention 11/2012; 33(5-6). DOI:10.1007/s10935-012-0283-y
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine the extent to which parent and adolescent characteristics predict parental supply of full serves of alcohol (i.e. not simply sips) to their adolescent aged 14-16 years.
In 2009, a cross-sectional sample of 388 parents from Victoria, Australia was surveyed.
Of the 70% of parents who believed that their adolescent currently drinks, 37% reported supplying their underage adolescent with more than a sip of alcohol in the last 3 months. Alcohol supply was significantly associated with parents' perceptions that their adolescent drinks, odds ratio 1.87 (95% confidence interval 1.38-2.53) and higher levels of parental monitoring, odds ratio 1.44 (95% confidence interval 1.10-1.94) but not significantly associated with parent/adolescent sociodemographic characteristics or parents' drinking patterns.
Consistent with reports from Australian students, parents are a major source of supply of alcohol to underage adolescents. While there are legislative and policy guidelines regarding the use of alcohol by underage adolescents, parents need support to implement and reinforce alcohol-specific rules for their children.
Drug and Alcohol Review 08/2010; 30(4):338-43. DOI:10.1111/j.1465-3362.2010.00228.x · 1.55 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aim was to determine the extent to which parent and adolescent characteristics and patterns of alcohol use influence parents' plans to supply their adolescent aged 14-16 years with full serves of alcohol (i.e. not necessarily initiation) in the next 6 months. A cross-sectional sample of parents from Victoria, Australia, completed an online survey. Parents' plans to supply alcohol in the next 6 months was significantly associated with their reports of supplying alcohol in the previous 3 months (β=0.51, P<0.01), perceptions that their adolescent drinks (β=0.34, P<0.01), reports of not practising religion (β=0.13, P<0.01), and Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test scores (β=0.09, P=0.04). The total variance explained by the model was 57.4% F (9, 242)=36.2, P<0.01. Parents' plans to supply their adolescent with alcohol might be a reflection of the normalisation of alcohol use in Australia. There is a need to support Australian parents to review their own alcohol use, clarify their views on alcohol use by their adolescent and confidently restrict their child's access to alcohol, irrespective of their own drinking patterns.
Australian Journal of Primary Health 01/2011; 17(2):169-74. DOI:10.1071/PY10039 · 0.96 Impact Factor
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