Influencia de la respiración diafragmática en la motricidad fina


The objective of this research was to establish whether the diaphragmatic breathing affects the performance o fan fine motricity work. An experimental posttest was used. The participants were 16 women between 18 an 25 years. The experimental group was trained in diaphragmatic breathing and further evaluated in fine motricity on the purdue pegmoard. During the execution of the test the breathing frequency per minute was measured and were registered 6 kinds of mistake altogether the correct trials. The results suggest that the diaphragmatic breathing pattern influences on the motricity executions, which supports new investigation questions. The roll of learning on the breathing pattern modification is discussed in this sort of experiments oriented to base the clinical practice. El objetivo de esta investigación fue determinar si la respiración diafragmática influye en la ejecución de una tarea de motricidad fina. Se utilizó un diseño experimental con postprueba únicamente. Los participantes fueron 16 mujeres con edades entre los 18 y 25 años; al grupo experimental se le entrenó en respiración diafragmática y posteriormente se evaluó su motricidad fina con la prueba Purdue Pegboard. Durante la ejecución de la prueba se midió la frecuencia respiratoria por minuto, se registraron 6 clases de errores y los ensayos correctos. Los resultados sugieren que el patrón respiratorio diafragmático influye positivamente sobre la ejecución motriz, lo cual soporta nuevas preguntas de investigación. Se discute el papel del aprendizaje en la modificación del patrón respiratorio y la influencia que pueden tener variables cognoscitivas y ambientales en este tipo de experimentos orientados a fundamentar la práctica clínica.

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    ABSTRACT: Fourteen subjects learned to adjust their breath pattern to two target breaths displayed on a video screen, by using visual feedback, during two sessions 24 h apart. These two targets were respectively the smallest and the largest breaths of a ten-breath sample previously recorded from each subject's resting spontaneous breathing. Performances were significantly better for the large than for the small target breath. This cannot be directly inferred from current knowledge related to the control of movement time and amplitude, but rather it may be inferred from the periodic character of breathing, to the higher mental load during the small breath task, or to the presumably different frequencies of target breaths in the whole span of spontaneous breathing. In the second session, performance on the two targets levelled out as a result of learning.
    Biological Psychology 04/1994; 37(2-37):147-159. DOI:10.1016/0301-0511(94)90028-0 · 3.40 Impact Factor
  • Mejoras en el aprendizaje con biofeedback mediante la respiración Aparato respiratorio Madrid: Harcourt Test adminis-trator’s manual, Quick referent guide for the purdue pegboad # 32020 Breathe correctly, Medical of family. . 26-28.
  • Performance and learn-ing during voluntary control of breath pat-terns. . 147-159.

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