Long-term clinical outcome of pelvic exenteration in patients with advanced gynecological malignancies.
ABSTRACT We evaluated the outcome of pelvic exenteration in women with locally advanced primary or recurrent gynecological malignancies.
All pelvic exenteration procedures performed between 01/2003 and 06/2009 were evaluated. Extent of surgical radicality, operative techniques, and outcome were evaluated. Kaplan-Meier curves were calculated for Overall (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS).
Forty-seven patients (median age: 52.5 years) were evaluated. Ten of 47 patients (21.3%) had a primary and 37(78.7%) a relapsed cancer. Most common (80.8%) site of origin was the cervix. Patients (80.8%) had undergone previous pelvic irradiation. A total exenteration was performed in 32/47 patients (68%). A complete tumor resection was obtained in 23 patients (49%). Thirty-three patients (70.2%) had at least one major complication, including ileus (8.5%), intestinal-fistula (29.8%), ureteral anastomotic insufficiency (6.4%), abscess (6.4%), and cardiothrombotic events (23.4%). At a median follow-up of 7 months (range: 1-42), 22/47 patients (46.8%) died and 22/47 (46.8%) experienced a relapse. Median OS was 4 months (range: 0.1-16) and 22 months (range: 6-42) for patients with versus without postoperative tumor residuals, respectively (P = 0.0006), while median PFS was 4 months (range:0.1-16) versus 12 months (range: 6-42) (P < 0.0001).
Radical pelvic exenteration due to advanced pelvic malignancies may be associated with a high morbidity. Complete tumor resection is associated with a significantly higher overall and PFS.
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ABSTRACT: Our aim in the present study was to evaluate surgical outcomes and complications of pelvic exenteration in the treatment of gynecologic malignancy and to compare surgery-related complications associated with different types of exenteration.World Journal of Surgical Oncology 09/2014; 12(1):279. · 1.09 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of the study was to report the feasibility of the bladder preservation technique (BPT) during pelvic exenteration for primary advanced gynaecological pelvic tumours (PRSGT) as an alternative for continent urinary diversion. Sixteen consecutive female patients underwent BPT during PRSGT. Median age was 50.8 years (range 37-65). Tumours included cervical (5 patients), corpus/vaginal (9), and ovarian (2) carcinomas. In resectable tumours, the excision of the distal ureters and the posterior bladder wall with an inverted "V" incision into the trigone down to the vaginal wall was performed with bladder blood and nerve supply preservation. The remaining mobilized leaflets were fixed to the psoas muscle/sacral promontory. Average follow-up was 34 months (range 24-108). Follow-up parameters included postoperative continence grade (full [no pads], stress incontinence grade I [1-2 pads], and grade II [>2 pads]), urinary tract infections, micturation problems/residual urine, ureteric reflux as well as patients' global satisfaction (PGS). All surgeries were done successfully. One patient developed a vesicovaginal fistula 4 weeks postoperatively and was managed conservatively. Fifteen patients (94 %) were able to empty their bladders postoperatively. Prolonged full continence was reported from 8 patients (50 %), incontinence grade I in 3 (18.8 %), and grade II in 5 (31.3 %). Two patients (incontinence grade II) developed cystoceles necessitating transvaginal bladder neck suspension with a fascia lata sling and were continent postoperatively. Another patient (6 %) underwent re-excision of a recurrent pelvic tumour necessitating intermittent self-catheterization. Postoperative hydronephrosis (grade I-II) was observed in 4 patients (25 %) and vesico-ureteral reflux (grade IV) in 4 (25 %) without the need for intervention. PGS and willingness to recommend their procedure to others were favourable. In patients for whom complete bladder resection is not indicated for oncological reasons, BPT during PRSGT with ureteric reimplantation is feasible and safe and provides good functional results as well as patient global satisfaction. Lower tract surgeries could be safely carried out afterward. Long-term functional results support durable good PGS.International Urogynecology Journal 03/2014; · 2.17 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Objective To present the initial experience with robotic anterior pelvic exenteration in patients with advanced pelvic cancer at Galaxy Care Laparoscopy Institute, Pune, India. Methods A retrospective chart review of data from 10 patients with advanced cervical carcinoma and bladder involvement or with vault recurrence following hysterectomy who were treated at the study hospital between November 2009 and May 2011. Clinicopathologic data and postoperative data including operative time, blood loss, blood transfusions, hospital stay, lymph node yield, and complications were recorded. Results The mean operative time was 180 minutes, the mean blood loss was 110 mL, and the mean duration of hospital stay was 5 days. There were no treatment-related morbidities or mortalities. A mean parametrial clearance of 3 cm with a distal vaginal margin of 3.5 cm was achieved. All patients had tumor-free margins. The mean number of harvested lymph nodes was 24. Six patients had positive lymph nodes on pathologic examination and were treated with chemoradiotherapy. At a median follow-up of 11 months, 8 patients were disease-free. Conclusion Robot-assisted anterior pelvic exenteration had favorable operative, pathologic, and short-term clinical outcomes. A large multicenter study is required to confirm the results.International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics 01/2014; · 1.41 Impact Factor