Article

5-HT3 receptor-dependent modulation of respiratory burst frequency, regularity, and episodicity in isolated adult turtle brainstems.

Department of Comparative Biosciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin, 2015 Linden Drive, Madison, WI 53706, USA.
Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology (Impact Factor: 1.97). 06/2010; 172(1-2):42-52. DOI: 10.1016/j.resp.2010.04.008
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To determine the role of central serotonin 5-HT(3) receptors in respiratory motor control, respiratory motor bursts were recorded from hypoglossal (XII) nerve rootlets on isolated adult turtle brainstems during bath-application of 5-HT(3) receptor agonists and antagonists. mCPBG and PBG (5-HT(3) receptor agonists) acutely increased XII burst frequency and regularity, and decreased bursts/episode. Tropisetron and MDL72222 (5-HT(3) antagonists) increased bursts/episode, suggesting endogenous 5-HT(3) receptor activation modulates burst timing in vitro. Tropisetron blocked all mCPBG effects, and the PBG-induced reduction in bursts/episode. Tropisetron application following mCPBG application did not reverse the long-lasting (2h) mCPBG-induced decrease in bursts/episode. We conclude that endogenous 5-HT(3) receptor activation regulates respiratory frequency, regularity, and episodicity in turtles and may induce a form of respiratory plasticity with the long-lasting changes in respiratory regularity.

0 Followers
 · 
139 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of high-frequency transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (HF-TENS) in antihyperalgesia, assessed through changes of sciatic nerve activity and its effects on cardiorespiratory parameters, using formalin-induced nociception in anesthetized rats. The animals were divided into formalin (FORM) and HF-TENS groups. All rats received injections of 5% formalin (50 μl, right hind-paw). The sciatic nerve activity and cardiopulmonary parameters (mean arterial pressure, heart rate, and respiratory frequency) were measured, and then the serum levels of serotonin (5-HT) were determined by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit. The formalin injection was able to increase the sciatic nerve activity, heart rate, and respiratory frequency. The treatment with HF-TENS significantly reduced the sciatic nerve activity and respiratory frequency 20 minutes after formalin injection and was able to increase serum 5-HT. Furthermore, when comparing the groups, reductions in the mean arterial pressure, heart rate, respiratory frequency, and sciatic nerve activity were shown at different times. Thus, we concluded that HF-TENS was capable of inducing analgesia, which was most likely related to increased serotonin release. Moreover, we demonstrated that TENS was able to block the adverse cardiovascular and respiratory changes induced by pain. Further neurophysiological studies are necessary to clarify the intrinsic mechanisms underlying HF-TENS-induced analgesia.
    Physiotherapy Theory and Practice 03/2013; DOI:10.3109/09593985.2013.774451
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: It is not known whether respiratory neurons with intrinsic bursting properties exist within ectothermic vertebrate respiratory control systems. Thus, isolated adult turtle brainstems spontaneously producing respiratory motor output were used to identify and classify respiratory neurons based on their firing pattern relative to hypoglossal (XII) nerve activity. Most respiratory neurons (183/212) had peak activity during the expiratory phase, while inspiratory, post-inspiratory, and novel pre-expiratory neurons were less common. During synaptic blockade conditions, ∼10% of respiratory neurons fired bursts of action potentials, with post-inspiratory cells (6/9) having the highest percentage of intrinsic burst properties. Most intrinsically bursting respiratory neurons were clustered at the level of the vagus (X) nerve root. Synaptic inhibition blockade caused seizure-like activity throughout the turtle brainstem, which shows that the turtle respiratory control system is not transformed into a network driven by intrinsically bursting respiratory neurons. We hypothesize that intrinsically bursting respiratory neurons are evolutionarily conserved and represent a potential rhythmogenic mechanism contributing to respiration in adult turtles.
    Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology 11/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.resp.2014.11.004 · 1.97 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Hypoxia-induced changes in the chelonian breathing pattern are poorly understood. Thus, breathing was measured in freely swimming adult red-eared slider turtles breathing air prior to breathing nitrogen for 4h. Ventilation increased 10-fold within 10min due to increased breath frequency and tidal volume. Breaths/episode decreased by ∼50% within after 1h of hypoxia while the number of singlet breaths increased from 3.1±1.6 singlets/h to a maximum of 66.1±23.5 singlets/h. Expiratory and inspiratory duration increased during hypoxia. For doublet and triplet breaths, expiratory duration increased during the first breath only, while inspiratory duration increased for all breaths. Tropisetron (5-HT3 receptor antagonist, 5mg/kg) administration prior to hypoxia attenuated the hypoxia-induced increase in singlet breath frequency. Along with results from previous in vitro studies, this study suggests that 5-HT3 receptor activation may be required for the hypoxia-induced increase in singlet breathing pattern in red-eared slider turtles. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology 12/2014; 207. DOI:10.1016/j.resp.2014.12.015 · 1.97 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
5 Downloads
Available from
Mar 15, 2015