Temperament and character as predictors of fatigue-induced symptoms among school children in Japan: a 1-year follow-up study
ABSTRACT This 1-year follow-up study was performed to examine the association of temperament and character dimensions with new onset of fatigue-induced symptoms among school children in Japan, focusing on the transition from childhood to early adolescence.
This study prospectively reviewed data from 1512 school children from four elementary and four junior high schools in Japan. The survey was conducted in 2006 and 2007. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to examine the association of psychological dimensions, assessed by the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory, with fatigue-induced symptoms.
The correlation between temperament and character dimensions with new-onset of fatigue-induced symptoms differed as the students advanced into higher grades. In terms of physical symptoms in males, traits correlated with fatigue-induced symptoms included Novelty Seeking (headaches OR, 1.36; 95% CI, 1.07-1.73) or Reward Dependence (extreme tiredness OR, 1.84; 95% CI, 1.09-3.12; muscle weakness OR, 2.32; 95% CI, 1.28-4.20) during elementary school, whereas in females, Novelty Seeking was mainly associated with both physical (morning fatigue OR, 1.40; 95% CI, 1.10-1.77; headaches OR, 1.22; 95% CI, 1.04-1.43) and mental (mood changes OR, 1.30; 95% CI, 1.09-1.56) symptoms. Among ninth graders, more mental symptoms of fatigue were associated with Harm Avoidance (males, poor motivation OR, 1.20; 95% CI, 1.02-1.42; females, mood changes OR, 1.25; 95% CI, 1.06-1.49) and Self Directedness (males, poor motivation OR, 0.75; 95% CI, 0.59-0.96; females, difficulty thinking OR, 0.78; 95% CI, 0.62-0.98).
Confirmation that the correlation between personality traits and fatigue-induced symptoms changes with grade at school has implications for screening susceptible children and adolescents and may help prevent the occurrence of such symptoms at an early stage.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Akemi Tomoda, Jul 31, 2015
- SourceAvailable from: Martin Eisemann
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- "Elevated levels of HA have also been reported among depressed adolescents . Different relationships between temperament and character traits and mental health are suggested to exist in adolescents and adults . Therefore, more research is needed to improve our understanding of the relationship between adolescent depression and personality. "
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ABSTRACT: We examined relationships among fatigue, sleep quality, and effort-reward imbalance for learning in school children. We developed an effort-reward for learning scale in school students and examined its reliability and validity. Self-administered surveys, including the effort reward for leaning scale and fatigue scale, were completed by 1,023 elementary school students (grades 4-6) and 1,361 junior high school students (grades 7-9) at the end of 2006. Effort-reward imbalance for learning was associated with a high incidence of fatigue and sleep problems in elementary and junior high school students of both genders. A good relationship with family was associated with a low fatigue score in junior high school boys, and a good relationship with friends was associated with a low fatigue score in junior high school girls by multiple regression analysis. Fatigue score was associated with effort-reward imbalance and fatigue and quality of sleep in schoolchildren. Fatigue may lead to a decline in school performance, negative health outcomes, or refusal to attend school. These results suggest that it is desirable to consider social support, quality of sleep, and effort-reward imbalance when managing fatigue in school children.Behavioral Medicine 05/2010; 36(2):53-62. DOI:10.1080/08964281003774919 · 1.14 Impact Factor