Analysis of bacterial cell properties and transport in porous media.
ABSTRACT The cell properties of Escherichia coli ATCC 11105 (gram-negative rod and motile) and Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 10537 (gram-positive coccus and immotile) and their transport in porous media were investigated in this study. Bacterial cell properties such as cell geometry, zeta potential, and hydrophobicity were analyzed using surface measurement and bio-imaging techniques. Transport of both bacteria was examined using column experiments in quartz sand, iron-coated sand (ICS), iron-coated sand pretreated with humic acid (ICS-HA), glass bead, and field soil (sandy loam). Experimental results revealed that E. coli had a larger equivalent diameter and were more hydrophobic than S. aureus, while the difference in zeta potential was not statistically significant even though E. coli had a slightly more negative value than S. aureus. Column experimental results demonstrated that the mass recovery of S. aureus was higher than that of E. coli in all porous media used in this study. These results indicate that transport of S. aureus was greater than E. coli under the given experimental conditions. This study demonstrates that pathogenic bacteria with different characteristics from E. coli can have different transport in porous media.
Conference Paper: On shared Medium Architecture with Output Buffer ConstraintsAdvanced Communications and Applications for High Speed Networks, 1992. Proceedings., International Workshop on; 04/1992
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ABSTRACT: In this research, we investigate the effects of starvation on the transport of Escherichia coli K12 in saturated porous media. Particularly, we examine the relationship between the starvation effects and the pH and ionic strength of the electrolyte solutions used for cell starvation. E. coli K12 was cultured using either Luria-Bertani Miller (LB-Miller) broth, which contained 10 g/L of NaCl, or LB-Luria broth, which contained 0.5 g/L of NaCl. As both types of broths had similar pH (~7.2) they differed in ionic strengths. The bacterial cells were harvested at late-exponential phase and resuspended in buffered (pH=7.2) and non-buffered (pH=5.7) electrolyte solutions that had ionic strengths of 8.4mM or 168 mM, respectively. Column transport experiments were performed following 4, 25 and 52 h of cell starvation to evaluate the temporal changes in cell mobility. Our results showed that starvation led to a significant increase in the mobility of E. coli K12, particularly between 4 and 25 h, when both pH and ionic strength of the electrolyte solution were different from those of the growth media. The size, viability and surface properties (e.g., zeta potential, hydrophobicity, LPS sugar content, outer membrane protein profiles) of the bacterial cells were determined and related to the observed temporal variation patterns of cell mobility. We found that starvation in electrolyte solutions that had different pH and ionic strength from the growth media significantly lowered cell viability, which may be related to the temporal change in cell mobility under these specific conditions.Colloids and surfaces B: Biointerfaces 02/2012; 90:129-36. · 3.55 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to investigate the performance of iron-manganese bimetallic oxide-coated sand (IMCS) in the removal of bacteria (Escherichia coli ATCC 11105) using small-scale (length = 20 cm, inner diameter = 2.5 cm) and 30-day long-term (length = 50 cm, inner diameter = 2.5 cm) column experiments. Results indicated that the bacterial removal capacity of IMCS (q(eq) = 0.66 g/g) was slightly lower than that of iron oxide-coated sand (ICS) (q(eq) = 0.69 g/g) but about two times greater than those of manganese oxide-coated sand (MCS, q(eq) = 0.30 g/g) and dual media containing ICS and MCS (q(eq) = 0.35 g/g). In IMCS, increasing the flow rate from 0.5 to 3.0 mL/min decreased the removal capacity from 1.14 to 0.64 g/g. Nitrate showed an enhancement effect on the removal capacity of IMCS at 1 and 10 mM, while phosphate and bicarbonate had both hindrance (1 mM) and enhancement (10 mM) effects, depending on their concentrations. The long-term column experiment (bacterial injection conc. = 4.2 × 10(6) CFU/mL) showed that IMCS could remove more than 99.9 % of bacteria within 13 days (effluent conc. = 1.6 × 10(2) CFU/mL). This study demonstrated that IMCS could be used as an adsorptive filter medium for bacterial removal in water treatment.Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering 08/2012; 47(10):1364-71.