Timing jitter and phase noiseof mode-locked fiber lasers.

RP Photonics Consulting GmbH, Kurfirstenstr 63, 8002 Zürich, Switzerland.
Optics Express (Impact Factor: 3.49). 03/2010; 18(5):5041-54.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The noise properties of mode-locked fiber lasers differ in various respects from those of bulk lasers. The reasons for this are both quantitative and qualitative differences concerning the pulse formation. The underlying theoretical aspects are discussed in detail. It is found that the achievable noise level and the limiting effects depend strongly on the type of fiber laser. Depending on the pulse formation mechanism, noise levels may be much higher than predicted by simplified models.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this work, for the first time to our knowledge, stability and noise of a thin-disk mode-locked Yb:YAG oscillator operating in both negative- (NDR) and positive-dispersion (PDR) regimes have been analyzed systematically within a broad range of oscillator parameters. It is found, that the scaling of output pulse energy from 7 $\mu$J up to 55 $\mu$J in the NDR requires a dispersion scaling from -0.013 ps$^{2}$ up to -0.31 ps$^{2}$ to provide the pulse stability. Simultaneously, the energy scaling from 6 $\mu$J up to 90 $\mu$J in the PDR requires a moderate dispersion scaling from 0.0023 ps$^{2}$ up to 0.011 ps$^{2}$. A chirped picosecond pulse in the PDR has a broader spectrum than that of a chirp-free soliton in the NDR. As a result, a chirped picosecond pulse can be compressed down to a few of hundreds of femtoseconds. A unique property of the PDR has been found to be an extremely reduced timing jitter. The numerical results agree with the analytical theory, when spectral properties of the PDR and the negative feedback induced by spectral filtering are taken into account. Comment: 12 pages, 11 figures, SPIE's International Symposium "Photonics Europe" (EPE10), 12-16 April 2010, Brussels, Belgium
    Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering 03/2010; DOI:10.1117/12.853707 · 0.20 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We characterize the timing jitter of passively mode-locked, femtosecond, erbium fiber lasers with unprecedented resolution, enabling the observation of quantum-origin timing jitter up to the Nyquist frequency. For a pair of nearly identical 79.4MHz dispersion-managed lasers with an output pulse energy of 450pJ, the high-frequency jitter was found to be 2.6fs [10kHz, 39.7MHz]. The results agree well with theoretical noise models over more than three decades, extending to the Nyquist frequency. It is also found that unexpected noise may occur if care is not taken in optimizing the mode-locked state.
    Optics Letters 10/2010; 35(20):3522-4. DOI:10.1364/OL.35.003522 · 3.18 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report on a low noise all-fiber erbium fs frequency comb based on a simple and robust tapered-fiber carbon nanotube (tf-CNT) design. We mitigate dominant noise sources to show that the free-running linewidth of the carrier-envelope offset frequency (fceo) can be comparable to the best reported performance to date for fiber-based frequency combs. A free-running fceo linewidth of ~20 kHz is demonstrated, corresponding to an improvement of ~30 times over previous work based on a CNT mode-locked fiber laser [Opt. Express 18, 1667 (2010)]. We also demonstrate the use of an acousto-optic modulator external to the laser cavity to stabilize fceo, enabling a 300 kHz feedback control bandwidth. The offset frequency is phase-locked with an in-loop integrated phase noise of ~0.8 rad from 10Hz to 400kHz. We show a resolution-limited linewidth of ~1 Hz, demonstrating over 90% of the carrier power within the coherent fceo signal. The results demonstrate that the relatively simple tf-CNT fiber laser design can provide a compact, robust and high-performance fs frequency comb.
    Optics Express 03/2011; 19(6):5313-8. DOI:10.1364/OE.19.005313 · 3.49 Impact Factor
Show more