[Health effects of formaldehyde, as an indoor air pollutant].
ABSTRACT Formaldehyde is an important chemical used widely by industry in numerous household products. Therefore, when room ventilation is inadequate, formaldehyde may stagnate in rooms and adversely affect the health of inhabitants. Exposure to formaldehyde in living space has been found to be associated with asthma and 'sick house syndrome' (health disturbances induced by chemical contaminants in domestic environments). In addition, formaldehyde exposure among medical students and teachers who dissect cadavers in the gross anatomy laboratory likely causes a health problem. Avoidance of formaldehyde exposure can reduce the incidence and severity of ill-health conditions, although the ability of low concentrations of formaldehyde to trigger mechanisms contributing to them is still debated. Setting appropriate exposure limits for formaldehyde as an indoor environmental pollutant requires further quantitative and predictive evaluation of its health effects.
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that formaldehyde (FA) could be synthesized endogeneously and transient receptor potential (TRP) channel might be the sensor of FA. However, the physiological significance is still unclear. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The present study investigated the FA induced epithelial Cl(-) secretion by activation of TRPV-1 channel located in the nerve ending fiber. Exogenously applied FA induced an increase of I(SC) in intact rat trachea tissue but not in the primary cultured epithelial cells. Western blot and immunofluorescence analysis identified TRPV-1 expression in rat tracheal nerve ending. Capsazepine (CAZ), a TRPV-1 specific antagonist significantly blocked the I(SC) induced by FA. The TRPV-1 agonist capsaicin (Cap) induced an increase of I(SC), which was similar to the I(SC) induced by FA. L-703606, an NK-1 specific inhibitor and propranolol, an adrenalin β receptor inhibitor significantly abolished the I(SC) induced by FA or Cap. In the ion substitute analysis, FA could not induce I(SC) in the absence of extracelluar Cl(-). The I(SC) induced by FA could be blocked by the non-specific Cl(-) channel inhibitor DPC and the CFTR specific inhibitor CFTR(i-172), but not by the Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channel inhibitor DIDS. Furthermore, both forskolin, an agonist of adenylate cyclase (AC) and MDL-12330A, an antagonist of AC could block FA-induced I(SC). CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that FA-induced epithelial I(SC) response is mediated by nerve, involving the activation of TRPV-1 and release of adrenalin as well as substance P.PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(1):e54494. · 3.73 Impact Factor