Article

Perfil sociocultural de los cuidadores de pacientes inmovilizados en atención primaria

Cadernos de atención primaria, ISSN 1134-3583, Vol. 16, Nº. 4, 2009, pags. 280-283 01/2009;
Source: OAI

ABSTRACT OBJETIVO: Conocer el perfil sociocultural del cuidador principal de las personas inmovilizadas de nuestro centro de salud. DISEÑO: Estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal realizado en el centro de salud de Oroso (A Coruña). PARTICIPANTES: Los cuidadores principales de los pacientes incluidos en el programa de atención domiciliaria de pacientes inmovilizados. MEDICIONES PRINCIPALES: Variables sociodemográficas: sexo, edad, estado civil, relación de parentesco con el paciente, nivel de estudios, tiempo que lleva ejerciendo como cuidador, ayuda que recibe, formación especifica para el cuidado de personas dependientes y autopercepción de su salud y evaluación de la atención que reciben por parte del profesional sanitario. RESULTADOS: El 94,6% de los cuidadores eran mujeres, con una edad media de 54,14±3,68 años, casadas, con estudios primarios, amas de casa, hijas, nuera o esposa del paciente que lo cuidaba durante las 24 horas del día desde hace 7,54 ± 8,36 años. Solo un 10,8% recibían ayuda de los servicios sociales y un 64,9% referían no tener ninguna ayuda. Refieren falta de tiempo libre y problemas osteomusculares.. Valoran muy positivamente los cuidados prestados por enfermería. El 84,5% refiere no tener ninguna formación en el cuidado de estos pacientes. CONCLUSIONES: El perfil del cuidador principal no difiere de los comunicados en estudios previos. Cabe señalar la falta de formación por parte de los cuidadores, que puede entenderse como una oportunidad de mejora para todos los profesionales de la salud.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
94 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effectiveness of home visiting programmes that offer health promotion and preventive care to older people. Systematic review and meta-analysis of 15 studies of home visiting. older people living at home, including frail older people at risk of adverse outcomes. Mortality, admission to hospital, admission to institutional care, functional status, health status. Home visiting was associated with a significant reduction in mortality. The pooled odds ratio for eight studies that assessed mortality in members of the general elderly population was 0.76 (95% confidence interval 0.64 to 0.89). Five studies of home visiting to frail older people who were at risk of adverse outcomes also showed a significant reduction in mortality (0.72; 0.54 to 0.97). Home visiting was associated with a significant reduction in admissions to long term institutional care in members of the general elderly population (0.65; 0.46 to 0.91). For three studies of home visiting to frail, "at risk" older people, the pooled odds ratio was 0.55 (0.35 to 0.88). Meta-analysis of six studies of home visiting to members of the general elderly population showed no significant reduction in admissions to hospital (odds ratio 0.95; 0.80 to 1.09). Three studies showed no significant effect on health (standardised effect size 0.06; -0.07 to 0.18). Four studies showed no effect on activities of daily living (0.05; -0.07 to 0.17). Home visits to older people can reduce mortality and admission to long term institutional care.
    BMJ Clinical Research 10/2001; 323(7315):719-25. · 14.09 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective To find the attitudes that primary care nurses in Albacete have towards family carers Design Qualitative research using discussion groups Setting Primary care in Albacete: 5 health centres, 2 rural and 3 urban Participants Nurses following a primary care home visit programme, of both sexes, differing experience and training, and coming from both rural and urban areas took part. Exclusion criterion: nurses in management and administrative posts at time of recruitment. They were recruited by primary care nurses in line with the profiles of participants required Method Information was collected through discussion in the groups, which was recorded and later transcribed for analysis Results and conclusions Those taking part in the 2 discussion groups had the following characteristics: 3 men and 8 women. 5 of them were from rural health centres (HC) and 6 from urban HC; 3 had under 2 years experience in the Home Visit Programme(HVP) and 8 had over 5 years experience in it; 5 completed their nursing studies before 1990, and 6 afterwards. In the chats it was clear that the broad experience of PC nurses made them aware of the health situation and quality of life of informal carers, of the loneliness of these and the inter-personal conflicts that occur in families when a situation of dependency arises. Nurses had their educational function towards the carers assumed despite the limitations. The view that the responsibility for the care of the dependent person is the family's was predominant, and a concern for lack of resources and support was appreciated. Nurses had a view of the carer as a resource and barely perceived her as a patient
    Atencion Primaria - ATEN PRIM. 01/2004; 33(4):193-199.
  • Revista española de salud pública, ISSN 1135-5727, Vol. 76, Nº. 6, 2002, pags. 713-722. 01/2002;

Full-text

View
0 Downloads
Available from