Labeling Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells with Fluorescent Contrast Agents: the Biological Impact

Department of Radiology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.
Molecular imaging and biology: MIB: the official publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging (Impact Factor: 2.87). 04/2010; 13(1):3-9. DOI: 10.1007/s11307-010-0322-0
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study aims to determine the effect of human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSC) labeling with the fluorescent dye DiD and the iron oxide nanoparticle ferucarbotran on chondrogenesis.
hMSCs were labeled with DiD alone or with DiD and ferucarbotran (DiD/ferucarbotran). hMSCs underwent confocal microscopy, optical imaging (OI), and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Chondrogenesis was induced by transforming growth factor-b and confirmed by histopathology and glycosaminoglycan (GAG) production. Data of labeled and unlabeled hMSCs were compared with a t test.
Cellular uptake of DiD and ferucarbotran was confirmed with confocal microscopy. DiD labeling caused a significant fluorescence on OI, and ferucarbotran labeling caused a significant T2* effect on MR images. Compared to nonlabeled controls, progenies of labeled MSCs exhibited similar chondrocyte morphology after chondrogenic differentiation, but the labeled cells demonstrated significantly reduced GAG production (p < 0.05).
DiD and DiD/ferucarbotran labeling of hMSC does not interfere with cell viability or morphologic differentiation into chondrocytes, but labeled cells exhibit significantly less GAG production compared to unlabeled cells.

Download full-text


Available from: Heike Daldrup-Link, Aug 09, 2015
  • Source
    • "The use of small-molecule fluorophores and, in particular, NIR molecules is a powerful tool to track stem cells for noninvasive visualization, giving the possibility to follow and to localize labeled cells in living whole-body animal. These dyes were employed for in vivo cell, antibody, and extracellular vesicle detection (Zou et al. 2009; Boddington et al. 2011; Hood et al. 2011). Using optical imaging, previous experiments showed the possibility to localize and compare the distribution of MSCs in the kidney and other organs of AKI animals after intravenous or intra-arterial injection (T€ ogel et al. 2008). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recent approaches of regenerative medicine can offer a therapeutic option for patients undergoing acute kidney injury. In particular, mesenchymal stem cells were shown to ameliorate renal function and recovery after acute damage. We here evaluated the protective effect and localization of CD133+ renal progenitors from the human inner medulla in a model of glycerol-induced acute tubular damage and we compared the results with those obtained with bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells. We found that CD133+ progenitor cells promoted the recovery of renal function, preventing tubular cell necrosis and stimulating resident cell proliferation and survival, similar to mesenchymal stem cells. In addition, by optical imaging analysis, CD133+ progenitor cells accumulated within the renal tissue, and a reduced entrapment in lung, spleen, and liver was observed. Mesenchymal stem cells were detectable at similar levels in the renal tissue, but a higher signal was present in extrarenal organs. Both cell types produced several cytokines/growth factors, suggesting that a combination of different mediators is involved in their biological action. These results indicate that human CD133+ progenitor cells are renotropic and able to improve renal regeneration in acute kidney injury.
    05/2014; 2(5). DOI:10.14814/phy2.12009
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to compare viable and nonviable bilabeled mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in arthritic joints with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and optical imaging (OI). MSCs were labeled with ferucarbotran and DiD. MRI and OI of bilabeled cells were compared with controls. Six rats with arthritis received intra-articular injections of bilabeled viable MSCs into the right knee and nonviable MSCs into the left knee. Animals underwent MRI and OI preinjection and at 4, 24, 48, and 72 hours postinjection. The results were analyzed with a mixed random effects model and Fisher probability. Bilabeled MSCs showed increased MRI and OI signals compared to unlabeled controls (p < .0001). After intra-articular injection, bilabeled MSCs caused significant T2 and T2* effect on MRI and fluorescence on OI up to 72 hours postinjection (p < .05). There was no significant difference between viable and nonviable MSC signal in the knee joints; however, some of the viable cells migrated to an adjacent inflamed ankle joint (p < .05). Immunohistochemistry confirmed viable MSCs in right knee and ankle joints and nonviable MSCs in the left knee. Viable and nonviable cells could not be differentiated with MRI or OI signal intensity but were differentiated based on their ability to migrate in vivo.
    Molecular Imaging 10/2010; 9(5):278-90. · 2.19 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are rare cells resident in bone marrow and other organs capable of differentiating into mesodermal lineage tissues. MSCs possess immunomodulatory properties and have extensive capacity for ex-vivo expansion. Early clinical studies demonstrated safety and feasibility of infusing autologous MSCs and suggested a role in enhancing engraftment after hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT). Subsequent pilot studies using allogeneic MSCs showed safety but presented contradictory results regarding efficacy in treating graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Larger, phase II allogeneic MSC infusion studies, including cells obtained from haploidentical and third-party donors, showed efficacy in GVHD treatment; however, recent randomized, placebo-controlled studies failed to corroborate these results. New investigations include MSC infusions in umbilical cord blood transplantation, MSC therapy for tissue regeneration/repair, harvest and use of MSCs from adipose tissue and cell-tracking/imaging studies using radionuclides, gene and fluorescent dye-labeled MSCs. MSCs remain the subject of intense investigation in HCT because of their differentiation potential and immunomodulatory properties. Whereas infusions of autologous, allogeneic and third-party donor MSCs are well tolerated, further research is needed to clarify the optimal methods for harvesting and expansion, optimal timing of administration and efficacy in the setting of HCT.
    Current opinion in hematology 11/2010; 17(6):505-13. DOI:10.1097/MOH.0b013e32833e5b18 · 4.05 Impact Factor
Show more