Marked papillary dermal edema - an unreliable discriminator between polymorphous light eruption and lupus erythematosus or dermatomyositis
ABSTRACT The clinical differential diagnosis of photo-distributed papules and plaques includes polymorphous light eruption (PMLE) and lupus erythematosus (LE). These entities share many histopathological features. However, in most contemporary textbooks, a broad band of papillary dermal edema is reported to be characteristic of PMLE and not seen in LE. Nonetheless, older reports describe papillary dermal edema in LE, including acute cutaneous LE (ACLE) in patients with systemic LE (SLE) and early lesions of discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE). Older reports also describe papillary dermal edema in microscopic sections of dermatomyositis (DM).
Nine cases of LE (including two patients with acute lesions of SLE, six with DLE and one unclassifiable) and three cases of DM were identified in which sections showed striking papillary dermal edema. Attributes of chronicity, such as epidermal atrophy, follicular plugging and basement membrane thickening, were present concurrently in many sections.
Marked papillary dermal edema does not reliably distinguish PMLE from LE as it can be seen in ACLE, early and late lesions of DLE and DM. This phenomenon has been underemphasized in recent reports and textbooks. Furthermore, papillary dermal edema in chronic lesions of DLE has not been previously reported.
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Photosensitivity (PS) in lupus erythematosus (LE) is frequently determined by patient report. OBJECTIVE: We sought to characterize self-reported PS in cutaneous LE (CLE). METHODS: The PS survey was used to classify subject responses into 5 phenotypes: direct sun-induced CLE flare (directCLE); general exacerbation of CLE (genCLE); polymorphic light eruption-like reactions (genSkin); general pruritus/paresthesias (genRxn); and sun-induced systemic symptoms (genSys). In all, 91 subjects with CLE alone or with CLE and systemic LE were interviewed. RESULTS: In all, 81% ascribed to 1 or more PS phenotypes. CLE-specific reactions (direct sun-induced CLE flare or general exacerbation of CLE) were reported by 86% of photosensitive subjects. Higher CLE disease activity (measured by CLE Disease Area and Severity Index activity scores) was suggestive of direct sun-induced CLE flare reactions (P = .09). In all, 60% of photosensitive subjects described CLE-nonspecific reactions: polymorphic light eruption-like rash and general pruritus/paresthesias. These phenotypes often co-occurred with CLE-specific reactions and were predicted by more systemic disease activity as measured by Physicians Global Assessment (PGA) scores in regression analyses (genSkin, P = .02) and (genRxn, P = .05). In all, 36% of subjects reported systemic reactions and higher PGA scores were predictive of the sun-induced systemic symptoms phenotype (P = .02); a diagnosis of systemic LE was not (P = .14). LIMITATIONS: PS was inferred from patient report and not directly observed. CONCLUSIONS: Characterization of self-reported PS in LE reveals that patients experience combinations of CLE-specific, CLE-nonspecific, and systemic reactions to sunlight. Sun-induced CLE flares are associated with more active CLE disease. Polymorphic light eruption-like, generalized pruritus/paresthesias, and systemic reactions are associated with more active systemic disease. Recognition of PS phenotypes will permit improved definitions of clinical PS and allow for more precise investigation into its pathophysiology.Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 05/2013; 69(2). DOI:10.1016/j.jaad.2013.03.015 · 5.00 Impact Factor
Value in Health 05/2003; 6(3):305-306. DOI:10.1016/S1098-3015(10)64115-0 · 2.89 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Eosinophils are often present in the inflammatory infiltrate of an interface dermatitis, but the diagnostic specificity of eosinophils in interface dermatitis has not been formally evaluated. We retrospectively identified 97 examples of interface dermatitis with clinically confirmed diagnoses, including lupus erythematosus (LE), lichen planus, pityriasis lichenoides (PL), graft-vs.-host disease (GVHD), dermatomyositis (DM) and drug reaction. Diagnoses were clinically confirmed by at least two dermatologists. Slides were reviewed in a blinded fashion by at least two dermatopathologists. The average eosinophil count per 10 ×200 (×20 objective) fields was lowest for PL (0.2), DM (0.3), GVHD (0.4), and LE (0.5) [defined as Group 1] and was higher for lichen planus, drug reactions, erythema multiforme (major and minor) and viral exanthems [defined as Group 2]. Distinction between Group 1 and Group 2 was maximized using an eosinophil count cutoff of 1.1. In conclusion, eosinophils are usually rare to absent in PL, DM, most forms of LE and GVHD. While final interpretation requires a composite assessment of all features, our results suggest that the presence of even a single eosinophil within nine or ten ×20 fields argues against a diagnosis of PL, DM or LE.Journal of Cutaneous Pathology 04/2012; 39(4):413-8. DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0560.2012.01891.x · 1.56 Impact Factor